Paresis of the limbs in dogs is called temporary paralysis - a partial restriction of their mobility. It may be accompanied by a decrease or increase in skin and muscle sensitivity.
If the dog is longer, muscle atrophy may develop. Paresis occurs in one limb (monoplegia), all four (tetraplegia), two hind or two forelimbs (paraplegia), and left or right extremities (hemiplegia).
The causes of different paresis may be different. So, monoplegia and paraplegia often occur in infectious diseases (rabies, plague carnivorous), and also such as:
- hemorrhages in the spinal cord or brain,
- spinal stroke
- spinal cord and limb injuries,
- bone fractures
- allergic polyneuropathy.
Paresis of the hind limbs most often occurs in dogs as a result of sciatica. Hemiplegia can also provoke meningoencephalitis, plague carnivorous, brain abscess caused by parasites or infection, swelling, trauma, cerebral hemorrhage or its membranes, brain infarction.
Tetraplegia often causes polyneuropathy of toxic or infectious-allergic origin, as well as trauma to the cervical spine.
Symptoms of paresis
In a dog with paresis, precariousness and instability of gait is observed. It can move its paws along the back of the fingers, and this often damages them. The earliest sign of paresis is often a frequent stumbling, and because of this, falling forward when trying to step over a low obstacle or accelerate.
Asymmetry of paresis can be noticeable, when one paw works worse than the other. If the spine is damaged in the cervical region, the mobility of all four paws can be disturbed: uncertainty of reliance on them, local skin-muscular twitching.
Treatment of paresis in dogs
Since paresis is not an independent disease, but the result of a body damage due to an injury or major serious illness, there is no sense in treating paresis on its own. To begin, be sure to engage in the treatment of the underlying disease.
To relieve symptoms of paresis, use:
- glucocorticoids (dexamethasone, prednisone),
- non-narcotic analgesics (indomethacin, piroxicam),
- antispasmodics (baralgin, but-shpa),
- diuretics (furosemide),
- vitamins B12, B1, PP,
- glutamic acid.
If the underlying disease is infectious-allergic in nature, antihistamines are indicated (diprazine, diphenhydramine). If a reduced muscle tone is observed, the dog is given anticholinesterase drugs (prozerin, oxazyl, galantamine), duplex, strychnine nitrate, as well as such nootropic drugs such as aminalon, piracetam, pyriditol.