How to teach a dog to walk without a leash?

Does your pet go for walks only on a leash, because it cannot boast perfect obedience? will tell you how to raise a dog correctly so that you can pull it off the leash with peace of mind and not be afraid that the dog will run away and not come back, get hurt or cause harm to someone.

Why not on a leash?

Of course, you know that a dog of any breed and age should receive a certain physical exertion. To do this, it needs to run, play with the owner and relatives.

On walks, the pet needs to be given freedom and let him off the leash in specially designated areas, in a forest or park, where the dog does not hurt anyone: Otherwise, the dog will spill out the accumulated energy at home: spoiling furniture, whining and barking for no reason.

Having let go of the pet from the leash, many owners often encounter such a problem: the dog, having felt freedom, stops listening to the commands and runs so far that the owner simply cannot follow his safety.

I myself have often seen how a tired and pissed owner has been trying in vain to catch a pet for more than one hour, but he, while not running up, does not allow himself to be fastened to the leash. If your walks cannot do without such catch-ups, you need to start raising the dog now, until the trouble happens.

We establish contact

The first step is to make sure the dog hears you. If you are not an authority for her, but only "attendants" who feed and walk, then it will be very difficult to achieve obedience.

You have to become friends and companions for each other. For you to be for a dog not an "empty place", but a truly dominant owner, give it more time, walk with it more often and longer, learn commands.

Sometimes people can not understand why some pets love the trainer-trainer who trains them more than their master. The fact is that it is often not enough to provide the dog with food and a roof over the head. It is important for an animal that a person spend a lot of time with him: he played, taught, along with him was happy to walk and get impressions.

The dog does not like to walk on its own, as the cat does. For a dog it is important to be in the society of a person and to please him. In addition, to establish the right relationship with the dog and achieve obedience, you need to teach it all the time to listen and hear the owner and immediately respond to commands.

Going for a walk, stock up on a treat and pet's favorite toy. Walk with your dog on a long leash, let her take a break, for example, to explore the area, and then say the pet's nickname with a calm and friendly intonation.

At this point, the dog should look at you. If he pretends not to hear, you need to try to get his attention with the help of a toy or treat. When the pet looks at you - praise him, treat him with a small piece of treat and play with him.

After several similar exercises in the dog's mind, a connection is formed: the owner called me - it means he wants to give me a toy or food. So, hearing your name next time, the pet will immediately look at you in anticipation of a tasty treat or game. Now you can give the dog any command.

We are learning the command "To me!"

With the help of a leash you can control the dog: do not allow it to run far and take home at any moment. And without ammunition, it is only necessary to control the behavior of the animal with the help of voice commands or gestures.

You can safely take the dog off the leash only when you are sure that at the right moment the dog will come to you on the first command "Come to me!"

In order for an animal to develop this skill, while walking on a long leash, name the dog by name. And after she is ready to listen to you attentively, commanding “To me!” Distinctly and in an authoritative tone.

As soon as the dog comes to you, praise him, encourage him with a treat or a toy and release him again to enjoy freedom by submitting the “Walk” command.

Do this exercise for a walk another 5-7 times and repeat daily until you achieve a trouble-free execution of the command.

Then you need to gradually increase the distance from which you will call the dog, remove the treat and the toy, now encourage the correct behavior of the pet only with the words "Good", "Good for you".

After the dog learns to carry out the command on a leash, the pet must be brought to a spacious place with a fairly flat landscape (for example, to the park), where people and animals will not interfere with your training.

Pull the dog off the leash and do the same exercise.

If the team is successful, gradually complicate the situation: train in crowded places, ask outsiders to walk near you with their four-legged friend, hide behind trees and buildings and give a command from there when the dog does not see you.

If the dog does not fit the team ...

As you may have noticed, the process of studying the team "Ko me!" simple, but people often face some difficulties.

For example, the so-called “non-food dogs” do not strive to come running for a treat, so the owner without a result repeatedly repeats the command or simply as a result approaches the pet himself.

But this is wrong: so the dog will not learn anything. You need any way to interest him and encourage movement in your direction.

After giving the command, try to squat. In this way, you will arouse interest in the dog, and out of curiosity or desire to play, it will nevertheless run up to you.

In addition, you can still clap your hands. Some dogs regard the claps as an invitation to the game. Watch your pet and learn its habits - then you can easily understand what it can be carried away with.

In no case do not approach the dog yourself and do not chase after it if it runs away. The dog perceives this behavior as a catch-up game, so he will run away with even greater speed. It is better to run from the dog - and she will follow you, as the animal will be afraid to get lost.

Common Host Mistakes

If you can’t train your dog to come to you on the first command, check if you are making these popular mistakes.

Multiple command repetition

If you said "Ko me!" Five times and then praise the dog for the fact that she still came, the dog will get used to carry out the command. He will listen to you each time after five words spoken to me!

Fastening the leash

Do not take the dog on a leash immediately after it has executed the command, but allow it to run a little more outside. And even more so do not take her home immediately. Otherwise, the pet will have such a logical chain: the owner called me - I approached - and he immediately took me home. The next time the dog will not come to you, because he has not played enough yet and does not want to go home.

To avoid this unwanted connection, do not learn the command "Ko me!" at the very end of the walk, so you can give your pet time to run and play.

Incorrect intonation

The command is pronounced clearly, loudly enough, with a commanding, but not threatening tone. The animal should not be afraid of you. In order for the dog to obey, it does not need to be intimidated. You need to build relationships based on trust and respect.

Punishment after executing a command

If the dog did not come to you on demand, but after a while, do not scold her. Otherwise, she will think that you are punishing her precisely because she came up. The animal can not guess that you are angry at him for disobedience after the first command.

Do not make these mistakes - and you will be able to quickly accustom the dog to glat without a leash.

To walk more comfortable, the dog should also be taught to the team "Near!".



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