Standard and characteristics of the German Shepherd

We will describe only some German Shepherd Characteristics (breed standard) and give schemes to help you better evaluate your pet or your future puppy's parents.

If you compare a dog and a bitch, sex differences are immediately apparent. Male stronger, larger and more majestic. In his view, attention and charm of imperiousness, because in wolf and dog packs the leader is always a male.

The female, on the contrary, should have a tender and devoted look due to her role as a mother. No matter how beautiful the dog is, it does not ideally meet the standard if its gender is not visible in the eye. The German Shepherd should have erect ears and an elongated muzzle, which is typical for an adult wolf. Puppies on the contrary hanging ears and a rounded muzzle.

Such forms of the Caucasian Shepherd Dog, whose psyche is inhibited at an earlier stage, will retain until adulthood. German Shepherd puppies strain their ears most often at the moment of anxiety. But a genetically correct dog begins to keep them always raised from 4 to 8 months, although owners usually begin to worry about this in 4.5 months.

However, the concern should rather cause a little puppy German shepherd, whose ears are already standing. This may be a sign of general physique weakness. Healthy and strong puppies have large, heavy ears, so they later learn to strain them. A weak puppy has small and light ears - it is easier for them to lift them.

Looking around the head of an adult dog, we see that the length and width of the skull are the same. The ratio of the length of the muzzle to the length of the skull is also 1 to 1 st. Therefore, experts say that the German Shepherd mezotsefal.

The eyes of the German Shepherd should have a semi lateral location and be dark in color. It is difficult to find a very dark eye color, so there is a tendency to reject only very yellow eyes, considering them to be a breed defect, because they give the look an expression of coldness and distrust. Acceptable eye color ocher or reddish.

Of course, the darker the eye, the more preferable it is. The ears of the German Shepherd Dog are wide at the base with a sharp tip, set high, upright. Teeth must be healthy, properly planted. Bite on the type of scissors. Bite on the type of mites is considered a defect, as well as protruding lower or upper jaw.

Let's go to torso and limbs. We will examine them during the movement of the dog at a trot. The German Shepherd is not just a runner, but an extreme runner. It is able to run, as long as possible, with as little as possible with less effort, long trotting movements: powerfully and quickly. Since the impulse of movement is born in the back of the body, the ideal addition of the German Shepherd is one that will ensure the transfer of impulse from the back of the body to the front in the most economical way.

Look around the neckwhich in motion balances between the head and torso. The ideal neck should be rather long, about 35% of the height of the dog at the withers. But the main thing - it should be separated from the well-discernable harmonious oblique line. With a perfect physique, the axis of the neck forms an angle of 45 degrees with a horizontal line and 90 degrees with the shoulder.

Now consider the interposition of the shoulder and forelimb. For the German shepherd, the angle between the shoulder blade and the shoulder is very important. Once it should have been as close as possible to a right angle. In fact, the right angle can not be found. Well, if this angle is from 98 to 110 degrees. Also important is the slope of the shoulder and shoulder relative to the horizontal line.

The angle of inclination of the blade should be approximately 54 degrees. Once they talked about 45 degrees, but this does not occur in life. The angle between the shoulder and the horizontal line is 55-60 degrees. The shoulder should not only have a good slope, but should also be long to provide the desired length of the step. Unfortunately, shoulder length is one of the main problems of modern dog breeders. In addition, less common straight shoulder.

The torso of the German Shepherd Dog, like the torso of all the dogs of cross-country breeds, can be inscribed in a rectangle. Its length should be equal to 11/10 of the height of the dog at the withers. The withers are the part of the dog's torso that lies behind the neck. It should be high with a backward slope in order to ensure good grip on the back and to ensure effective impulse transmission. With high withers, but without inclination, its fusion with the back is lost. The back becomes intermittent, and therefore defective. Eight dorsal vertebrae, following the withers form the actual back. It should also be long and sturdy.

The sacrum of the German Shepherd should be long, wide, with a good slope. It is anatomically shaped by the hip joints. Almost all muscles are attached to them, providing movement of the back of the body. The ideal angle of the sacrum is from 27 to 31 degrees. This ensures the continuity of the transfer of impulse movement of the back of the body with minimal effort.

Anatomical basis of the hind limbs large tibia and tibia. The impulse of movement largely depends on the angle of connection of these bones. The optimum angle is 120 degrees. With less stupid angle, the limb will lose strength. With more dull, she will not be able to make a sufficiently wide step. We end naturally with a tail - an element of not last importance. After all, the tail protects the anus and genitals, is a means of communication for dogs, and during movement performs the most valuable steering function that regulates lateral movement.

According to standard German Shepherd Tail must be at least ankle-length But now it is impossible to find the tail only ankle length. Today often there are tails so long that the dog must bend them so that they do not drag on the ground. The tail can drag on the ground and if it is located too low and if the sacrum is too low and if the front of the body is too raised, as is the case with hyper-typical dogs. In any case, it is a defect.

In order for the German Shepherd to be in great shape read the article "Feeding the German Shepherd"

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