Chlamydia in dogs is an infectious disease that is caused by chlamydia abortus and psittaki. This unpleasant disease is often accompanied by conjunctivitis, abortion, enteritis, arthritis, pneumonia, orchitis, urethritis, encephalitis.
Infection can occur both sexually and intrauterinely. Contamination is also possible by eating aborted fetuses of infected cattle. You can become infected with chlamydia psittaki by airborne droplets or through dust when sniffing dead birds and droppings (especially pigeons). Sick dogs can infect humans with chlamydia.
Symptoms of Chlamydia in Dogs
When chlamydia psittaki affects the eyes, respiratory system, liver, nervous system, develops chlamydia myocarditis, not uncommon - lesion of the gastrointestinal tract, which is manifested by diarrhea and vomiting. But most often the symptoms of the disease do not exist at all or they may indicate a whole bunch of other diseases (clinical polymorphism). So a dog can have chlamydia under the guise of:
With the defeat of the ear develops purulent otitis, which often leads the dog to deafness. The disease can begin with a sharp increase in body temperature to 40−41 degrees and pass with complications in the form of:
- paresis of limbs
With the defeat of the genitalia in females there are vaginitis, endometritis, abortion and infertility, the birth of unviable offspring, in males - purulent balanoposthitis, prostatitis, pyelonephritis, urethritis, cystitis. In the genital form, there is a noticeable discharge from the external genital organs of abundant whitish exudate, swelling and itching are noticeable.
Puppies infected at birth develop cough, conjunctivitis symptoms, sometimes cystitis and bronchopneumonia. If the defeat is severe, the puppies die before they reach a month. Chronic form of chlamydia in adult dogs is characterized by decreased appetite, sluggish conjunctivitis, recurrent catarrh of the upper respiratory tract, abortions, intermittent claudication at normal body temperature. The diagnosis of chlamydia is made on the basis of the clinical picture and laboratory testing for chlamydia (serological studies using the RSK, RDSK, RIF, UIF, ELISA, PCR methods).
Chlamydia treatment in dogs
It is necessary to treat a dog for chlamydia in a complex way, combining etiotropic therapy, bio-and immunocorrection, intensive vitamin therapy with local treatment. With the help of etiotropic therapy, chlamydia are expelled from the dog’s body.
To do this, use tetracycline drugs (metacycline, doxycycline) or roxithromycin, clarithromycin, azithromycin); fluoroquinolones (cifran, ciprofloxacin, ciprovet) or clascid. The course lasts 28 days. Of the immunomodulators, cycloferon is now considered the most effective. Also, the dog will need a vitamin preparation gamavit.
To restore normal biocenosis directly during treatment, the dog is given Linex, lactobiphid, liquid bifidum, and to support the liver, a hepatoprotective drug is needed - Essentiale Forte and antihistamines, such as tavegil or claritin.
As a topical treatment for chlamydia blepharitis, conjunctivitis, keratitis of the eyelid, ointments containing erythromycin, tetracycline, ditratymicin are laid. In the case of genital form, the bitch's vagina or preputial sac of the dog is washed with 2% boric acid solution or hilak-forte.