In order for the dog to work in all weather conditions, its coat must be thick and dense, the undercoat is abundant, the covering hair is rather tough, it does not allow moisture and prevents the animal from being injured when working in thick underbrush or bush.
Such goals were pursued in breeding tax-haired varieties. The first information about serious experiments with their breeding refer to 1797. By the middle of the 19th century, three modern varieties of coat existed, including the female haired dachshund.
To bring the latter to the smooth-haired dachshunds, blood of breeds with thick, hard coat, including many dandy-dinmont, scotch-terrier, fox-terrier and others, as well as schnauzer, was infused. The problem was to preserve the typical structure of the dachshund, its working qualities, anger to the beast, bravery, flair, voice.
Therefore, fixing the type of wire-haired dachshund took a lot of time and effort on the part of breeders and amateurs.
At the same time, intrabreeding was constantly used - hard-haired dachshunds were knitted with long-haired dachshunds, as a result of which many modern smooth-haired dachshunds carry the hard-haired genes.
In 1915, the Germans finally divided the varieties of the type of wool, and from that time each of them divorced independently.
When did wire-haired dachshunds first appear in Russia?
The first wire-haired dachshunds appeared in the USSR and in Russia after 1945, and at the exhibition in 1947 four such dogs were already registered. But this variety did not become abundantly popular among hunters, and working dogs with field diplomas, and listed in the breeding book, are relatively few.
In Ukraine, there were good producers with field diplomas, but even here this variety is perceived rather as decorative, and the lack of fashion and mass demand does not allow for an increase in livestock. On the one hand, this is not bad, since there is no speculation on the incompetence of poorly informed people, and on the other, the tribal base leaves much to be desired.