The use of dogs, and therefore the training of dogs, a person began to engage in a long time. History shows that even 4600 years BC, dogs were used to protect the home, to attack the enemy. Nowadays, dogs are used in various areas of human activity.
They are used by shepherds and the police, geologists and hunters, border guards and rescuers. During earthquakes and other natural disasters, dogs find people who are buried alive under the rubble of buildings or in the snow covered with avalanche. A lot of useful things on the account of dogs. And yet, they are able to commit their animal only when a person subjects it to training for a particular activity.
Dog training is not easy, although extremely exciting. She creates many difficulties for the trainer and his pet, but successfully overcoming them brings both great joy and satisfaction. Of course, most people, having brought a puppy to the house, do not dream of raising a famous lifeguard or the threat of the criminal world out of it.
But, of course, every puppy owner wants to grow out of the crumbs not a purely empty house terrorizing the whole house, but an attentive friend, a cheerful comrade in the game and, if necessary, a reliable defender. Starting to raise a pet, a novice trainer faces a lot of new problems.
There are many methods of dog training, and all of them are used to develop one or another technique. Many of them are quite well described in the specialized literature, which, however, is not always easy to obtain.
The most common mistakes in dog training
I will briefly discuss some of the most common mistakes in dog training. The so-called subjective approach, or, more simply, the humanization of a dog, belongs to the category of methodological errors. Let me explain with an example: your free-walking dog has committed a misdemeanor (barked at a passerby, tore the ball in children, etc.).
You command a dog and punish him. The dog that executed your command "Ko me!" and punished for this, ceases to approach the owner. She cannot connect her offense with the punishment she received, because between them there was also the team “To me!” She performed.
Remove this intermediate command, and it turns out that you should have punished the dog at the "crime scene" at the time of its commission or after it.
Another common mistake is a violation of the principle “from simple to complex”. After all, you first need to teach the dog to sit next to you, and only then, complicating the reception, move away from it further and further for a longer time.
You teach a dog to overcome small natural obstacles and only then increase the obstacle to the required height. Try to strictly adhere to this principle, which will help to achieve success in raising your pet faster.
And one more methodological mistake - the so-called negative dynamic stereotype, that is - classes take place in the same sequence, work with the same assistant, in the same place and so on.
Try to diversify classes and then you can be confident in your friend regardless of the environment. Technical errors include faulty projectiles, equipment that is inconvenient for a dog, too heavy, bulky material made of inappropriate material, and others.
There are also many other, if they can be called so, second-order problems that constantly arise in the process of training. Their solution by the trainer leads to quick and effective achievement of results.
Among them, I would mention the need to take into account such "trifles" as the state of mind during classes (both the dog and the trainer), the presence of conditions under which the conditioned reflex is produced, and, of course, careful consideration of the features of your higher nervous activity (VIEW) dogs. Try not to be biased to evaluate the peculiarities of your character.
Imagine a dog with a weak type of species (melancholic). This animal is characterized by the almost complete absence of excitation processes. By acting on such an animal with a strong irritant, we can easily get a response in the form of a tailed tail, or even escape from the site. And if such a dog gets a host with the opposite type of VIEW (choleric), then it is difficult to expect a positive result from such a duet in training.
We very superficially touched only a part of the huge variety of training problems, to know and take into account which is useful for each trainer.