The history of the origin of Cane Corso

It reminds greyhound with all its members. And maybe this dog? Or maybe he is from Germany or the UK?

Like a greyhound, he is agile and quick, but he is more courageous and great looking. Large, but not heavy. And weight is not an obstacle to breathing calmly. He has a strong bone and strong nerve, easily falls into anger and is arrogant in him.

These lines were written by a noble writer, author of the poem "The Hunt" by Erasmo Devalvason, who lived in the 16th century. This is a Molossian dog, mobile and fast as a greyhound, of impressive size, with an uncompromising character and easily attached to a person. Erasmo described the canoe Corso fairly accurately, but he was not the first.

Let's tell in more detail what is the origin history of the Cane Corso breed.

About this breed you can find various references already in the literature of the 15th century. Theophilus Folengo, who lived between 1491 and 1544, talks about using a Corso dog during a bear hunt. Nicola Machiavelli also mentions it in his writings. Swiss Conrad von Costner, author of the first modern treatise on zoology at the beginning of the 16th century, compiles a thorough description of the breed.

Cane Corso is not just an ancient breed - it has been admired by this dog for many centuries, it was respected and set as an example to other breeds. Mention of Cane Corso can be found in folk traditions, in legends, we can see it among the statuettes depicting the picture of the Nativity of Christ.

Until now, in some southern Italian dialects, the word "Corso" means an authoritative, charismatic and courageous person. Giovani Vergo writes in the work “Laziness” - “He bites harder than Cane Corso,” and Nicola Tamaseo gives the following definition in his dictionary: Cane Corso is a fearless and uncompromising person.

And nevertheless, in spite of its historical and cultural significance, this breed, even in Italy, was on the verge of extinction, which the Italian breeders consider almost as a disgrace. Cane Corso was saved by a miracle, thanks to a small group of enthusiasts who went to look for small individuals remaining in the places where this breed originates from: in Lucania, in Puyu, in Sicily. (Description of other dogs of large breeds)

As a result of long and scrupulous work, they managed to restore the ancient beauty of the breed. But in spite of the official recognition of Corso Cane by the Italian Association of Dog Handlers in 1994, and international in 1995, the work has not yet been completed. Recreation of the breed has been completed, but breeders have to work to improve it, because Cane Corso has become a fashionable dog and, as usually happens in these cases, breeders have become more interested in quantity than the quality of puppies.

Fortunately, some serious breeders continued to be interested more in the breed itself, and not in the possible benefits. And only thanks to them you can see Cane Corso as it should be in appearance and character. Now Italian dog experts can not be ashamed, but be proud of the fact that they managed to save this valuable, ancient and useful Italian breed.

Why Italian? - someone will ask. After all, its name indicates that the dog is from Corsica. But this is not true. In this case, the word "Corso" has a completely different meaning, which has nothing to do with the name "Corsica". Some argue that it comes from the Greek "Kortos", which means - arena, courtyard.

Others believe that its roots should be sought in the Latin "Cohorse" - the guardian, the protector. In any case, this breed is 100% Italian. From ancient times it is called the watchman, locked behind the fence of property. The roots of canoe Corso are to be sought in antiquity, since it is a direct descendant of canne-sunix, a legendary guard dog, whose image we can see in the drawings of Roman tombs.

For many centuries these dogs have been human companions and performed various jobs. They herded sheep, followed the horses, were defenders, hunters, used in war. Throughout its history, the breed has not changed, perhaps because it suited people the way it really was.

This was a dog with a simple appearance, strong and large, but not huge and it was quite simple to contain. Awe-inspiring to enemies, she was affectionate with the owner, his family and children. Cane Corso always had one single problem - not being a dog of aristocrats, she was not accepted at the courts of noble people.

It was a dog of shepherds, peasants, ordinary people who demanded from their comrade just to do their job well, and not to be especially beautiful, handsome, and certainly not to enter the ring of dog beauty contests. But, unfortunately, with the development of cities Cane Corso began to use less.

Villages emptied, herds disappeared. Cane Corso were on the verge of extinction precisely because the type of their owner had died out. The breed was saved only because of the awakened interest of cynologists like Paolo Breda, Stefano Gondolfi, Fernando Casolino and Antonio Marciani, who developed the standard Cane Corso. But these people represent only one side of the coin. The other, no longer visible, but no less deserved from this, consists of numerous owners, who for decades have kept dogs of this breed with excellent genetic heredity. It would be really sad if Cane Corso disappeared completely from the face of the earth.



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