Malassezia is a disease in dogs caused by a yeast of the same name. It can be identified from the mucous areas and skin of healthy dogs.
But when the fungus begins to multiply pathologically, the disease occurs. Sometimes it is associated with the development of external otitis or dermatitis. But what exactly contributes to the pathological multiplication of the infection has not yet been fully studied.
Enhanced reproduction of the fungus contributes to a warm, moist skin, inflamed surface, as well as such factors as:
- hormonal disorders,
- general decrease in immunity.
The predisposition of some dog breeds to this disease is noticeable. For example, basset hounds, dachshunds, Cocker Spaniels, mini poodles, Scottish white terriers and Australian silky terriers, as well as fold-out dogs.
No dependence on the sex and age of the animal. This fungus in dogs for humans and other animals is not contagious. Symptoms of Malasseziya appear in the form of:
- oily seborrhea,
- skin peeling,
- bad smell.
It occurs during the reproduction of the fungus in the interdigital spaces and folds of the neck. Also, the favorite sites of localization of the parasite are the lips, the external auditory canal, mucous membranes. The lesions turn red, the skin darkens and thickens. In order to estimate the number of fungi, cytological methods of research are carried out - stripes are detected on the adhesive plaster. The diagnosis is confirmed by mycological reactions and clinically.
Treatment of Malassezia in Dogs
Its main task is to reduce the concentration of fungus on the skin, as well as the bacteria that accompany it. It is important in which skin layer the parasite is localized. If only superficially, then treatment is based on the use of local therapy. It also helps in order to get rid of exudation and unpleasant smell.
You can begin treatment with the use of shampoos containing chlorhexidine 2%, miconazole 2%. They defat the surface of the skin. It is necessary to wash the dog with this shampoo for at least five weeks so that there will not be a recurrence. Orally apply antifungal drugs, which will issue a veterinarian.
If there is a primary disease that caused the fungus to multiply, then treatment should begin with it. If the underlying disease does not respond to treatment, regular use of antifungal agents is required. This course should last at least one and a half months and until the fungi are absent in the cytology tests.