Fungi in dogs or dermatophytosis can cause pathogenic microbes trichophyton, microsporum, favus (scab) or opportunistic mallaseziya. This disease affects the skin of the animal and some types of fungus are dangerous to humans, so the dog must be treated immediately.
Most often, fungus in dogs appears on the skin in the ears, on the paws. The reasons for the appearance of the fungus can be many: contact with street animals or rodents, not hygiene, defective or inappropriate diet.
Symptoms of fungus in dogs
- The first and most prominent symptom of fungal disease is itching. The dog is scratching more and more fiercely and scratching appears in the places where the fungus is located. In places of itching, scaly areas of skin appear, sometimes with broken hairs. These are symptoms of infection with the fungus microsporum.
- When infected trichophytosis on the skin of the dog appear sharply outlined round bald areas, which may have remnants of hair, is characterized by a strong discharge of pus, and on the affected skin a dense layer of crusts. After treatment, bald spots remain forever, because the hair follicles are damaged.
- Poultry are often sick with a scab (favus), and a dog can become infected. This fungus is localized near the ears, on the paws and hairless areas of the body. From it comes a specific smell. The fungus is similar to rounded patches covered with gray-yellow crusts, and the hair falls out and never grows.
- The surface form of the fungus is especially noticeable, but if untreated, it goes into the follicular and then into a chronic atypical state, when the symptoms are not so bright, but the animal suffers more and is more threatening to the immediate environment, both dogs and people.
Photo: How to treat fungus in dogs?
Fungus in dogs: treatment
For the diagnosis it is necessary to do a dog laboratory seeding, so be sure to visit the vet. Dog fungal diseases are dangerous for humans, so when they are detected, they must immediately begin to heal.
- Most often, vaccinations are used for the treatment of dogs with such means as "Polivak", "Vakderm F" or "Microderm". The last one is more effective. Prick it twice with an interval of two weeks. “Wackderm F” needs to be pounded three times. As for the "Polivak", some breeds of dogs (French bulldogs, rottweilers, scotch terriers and dachshunds) are especially sensitive to it. At the injection site may cause an allergic reaction in the form of an abscess at the injection site. To avoid this, diphenhydramine can be administered simultaneously with the vaccine.
- If an animal is weakened by a disease or an old one, then it is better to treat it with antifungal antibiotics, for example, “Griseofulvin”, “Itraconazole” or “Nizoral”. Since antibiotics may interfere with the function of the liver and gastrointestinal tract, the animal should be kept on hypoallergenic or therapeutic food. The fact is that the treatment is long and should continue for a couple of weeks after the symptoms of the disease disappear.
- Therapy should be systemic and in addition to vaccines and antibiotics, it is necessary to treat the dog's skin with fungicide-based drugs and use healing showers and shampoos (Nizoral, Doctor).
Before starting the treatment of a fungus, it is necessary to destroy all the old beddings of the dog and sanitize all its things, including toys. It is also necessary to limit the contact of the animal with the rest of the family, especially children. A dog with a long coat should be trimmed as short as possible.