Some people do not like a poodle for what they think is not too natural, because its complicated haircut gives it a too mannered look, making it less attractive than dogs with a natural skin.
These people would be surprised to learn that the haircut under the lion, from which all modern hairstyle of the poodle originates, was done not at all for beauty, but for the sake of the functionality of the dog.
The purpose of the poodle haircut was to ease the movement of the animal in the water.
- Shaved legs provided more free swimming,
- long hair on the chest, protected the respiratory system from hypothermia,
- The pompon on the tip of the tail protected the tail from the pricks of the thorny bushes,
- the ribbon with which the pinch was tied up on the head was not an ornament - it did not allow the wet hair to fall on the dog's eyes and made it possible to see it better in the coastal thickets or among the waterfowl.
So, poodle shorn coat is not a holiday outfit at all, but rather a working overalls. Now all allegations of decency should be removed from it, although at the exhibitions great importance is attached to its elegance, as such.
Of course, too fluffy head, little functional, but today the poodle is a dog for the living room, not for hunting. And in the living room they often talk about fashion and elegance. The objection of opponents of the poodle may be this: talk about fashion as much as you like, but why make the dog not natural? Really not why, if the dog is not pleasant haircut procedure. However, the poodle can not say that.
He has two qualities - one physical and one mental, which makes him an excellent four-legged male model. The physical quality is that his hair does not harm any hairstyle, and can only improve the hygiene and health of his skin. The psychic peculiarity is that the poodle has become such a close companion of human life that it experiences true joy from all manipulations with it, including from long haircuts. He does not just tolerate them, but with pleasure participates in them.
Unlike other dogs, the poodles are not even tied to the table when trimmed. He sits on it quite calmly. Often there is such a strong affection between the hairdresser and the poodle that the dog is happy to get a haircut, and the hairdresser sometimes even celebrates her birthday, giving the poodle some kind of toy or treat. All this may cause a grimace of disapproval in a person who appreciates only dogs of a wildish, rude, rustic look.
Such an attitude to the dog sins limited. It is the same as considering a man only a warrior and a hunter. The modern man, as well as the woman, happens both on a visit and at concerts. He wears trendy clothes and so on.
If it is true that the dog is the closest friend and companion of man, it is not surprising that there are breeds of dogs that can share the high life of people.
Lovers of brute force and masculinity can choose a dog from 400 different breeds, but the poodle also has the right to exist and feel like a full-fledged dog.
We now turn to the description of different types of haircuts. There are many and constantly new ones. Each country has its own preferences. Each exhibition has its own requirements. Although the basic haircut poodle - all that is associated with his hunting past. On its basis, you can do the most fancy hairstyles. The classic lion dog grooming is now practically not practiced, its more spectacular options are common. The most common style is continental.
The back of the torso of the dog to the thighs, the lower and upper parts of the muzzle, starting with the lower eyelids, cheeks, front paws, are cut shortly - only the cuffs remain on them. Allowed areas of long hair and on the sacrum. Short tail cut. A round or oval pompon is left at its tip. On the crown of the hair is collected in a bun. This is called the upper chub.
Haircut called "pappy clip" it was once done only to poodles who were under the age of 15 months participating in junior competitions. Today, this haircut and do adult dogs. She became the most fashionable. In this case, the muzzle is cut short, and on the body and on the paws, the hair is only slightly shortened. Pants should have a clear border with a short-haired foot. On the hind legs of the pants should not hide the bends of the joints, typical of the poodle.
The head should be trimmed in the shape of a cute helmet with or without upper forelock. Shear a poodle for an exhibition is not easy at all. At least at the beginning of the dog’s life, it is necessary to assign the haircut to a professional. Then you can learn to do it yourself. Grooming lasts a long time, about three hours for the average poodle and is quite expensive. Its cost can increase even more if the hairdresser is known for his skill. But it's worth it. Remember that exhibition haircut must be maintained in between exhibitions.
The hair on the head, on the back and especially on the ears should be fixed with rubber bands or special hairpins to be fine. A dog with a fixed coat can jump and play as much as he wants. But fixing wool is an extra work for the owner. In other matters, if the poodle does not participate in contests, these concerns will not be. In this case, it is not necessary to do standard haircuts. You can choose more practical and less expensive. However, shearing the poodle is necessary not so much for beauty, but for hygiene and health. Grooming is done at least once every two months for an exhibition dog and once every 3-4 months for a companion dog.
Classic poodle haircuts and how to cut a dog at home
Classic haircuts for the poodle are the following: "lion", "continental", "English lion", "English saddle", "Scandinavian lion". It is these haircuts are allowed at international exhibitions (however, there is still a haircut "modern"). The remaining haircuts are considered "home".
- It is better to invite specialists for a haircut, but in some cases you can make a haircut at home on your own.
- To create all these hairstyles, you need the following tools: a rubber-based brush, a round-toothed comb, a soft-curved pudherka, a hairdresser's scissors, and a cutter cutter. It is advisable to start cutting the poodle as early as possible, repeating the haircut every week after that.
- Shear the dog after swimming, and only well dried coat. Before washing the poodle, it is thoroughly combed - first with a rare comb, and then with a brush. At the same time, the tacks should be disassembled by hand, and very dense - vertically sheared and also disassembled. After this, the dog's hair is combed again with sparse and frequent combs.
- When washing, the dog gets water in the ears, which sometimes leads to otitis media (ear inflammation). To prevent this disease, insert a piece of cotton wool soaked in petroleum jelly into the dog's ears. After that, thoroughly wash it twice with shampoo diluted in water and at least thoroughly rinse with warm water.
- After washing, allowing your pet to shake off several times, remove the tampons from his ears, wrap the dog in a large, heated towel or sheet. And after a while, dry it with a hairdryer.
- Dry the dog, starting with those parts where the wool is the shortest - lifting the hair strand with a comb or a massage brush, direct a stream of warm air under it. When drying, the dog should be combed against the coat and until completely dry to avoid the formation of unnecessary curls.
Here is your dog and is ready for a haircut.
Haircut poodle "under the lion"
The poodle's haircut technique is extremely simple - after it is well combed, a standard-defined silhouette is cut with scissors. The comb is used to periodically comb the wool. All parts of the body, which should be completely removed wool, processed by manual or electric machine with nozzles, cutting "zero"
In the hairstyle "under the lion" the muzzle, cheeks and two thirds of the throat are completely cut off (V-shaped up to the ears or oval). It also removes the hair on the hind legs, starting from the hock up, and also on the inner and outer thigh, the croup, in the groin and one third of the tail at its base. It is permissible to leave a wedge of a mustache on the upper lip with a length of 1 cm at the nose-nose; wedges should fade to the corners of the lips. The forearms are trimmed on the front paws to the wrists. Also, front and hind paws are carefully cut - on top and between the toes.
On the wrist of the front paws, as well as at the hock joint of the hind legs and on the tail, pompons are left, which should have a round or cylindrical shape of the same size, namely: one third of the ball diameter or the height of the cylinder should be above the joint, and two thirds below it .
A fully clipped part of the dog should form on the body a slight oblique diagonal that runs along the upper edge of the lumbar region, the kidney area, groin and descends down the last rib of the chest to the stomach. Thus, the groin and abdomen should be completely clipped. Above this line, the dog must be dressed in a fluffy vest, the shape of which you will create with scissors.
It is done this way. The wool of the vest edge is combed back and trimmed in a semicircle, rising obliquely upward (if you look at the dog from the side, the edge should be straight, without beveling back). After that, the vest is cut along the scythe, rising to the back of the head, to the highest point of the crown. The lower line is trimmed with a circular arc over the forelimbs before the sternum begins.
Keep in mind that at the elbow joint, the poodle has a critical point where it is necessary to carefully comb it - until this hole closes. After this, the paws of the dog are clipped up to the waistcoat, slightly rounding the line so that there are no irregularities.
Oval chest should be clearly visible both in front and behind. On the front of the chest, the hair is clipped in an arc. At the same time, climbing up, it should be slightly shortened to the beginning of the body. At the same time try to keep the proportions, so as not to make the breast too flat or too convex.
After that, the hair between the forelimbs is combed and trimmed in a straight line.
The standard of the classic haircut allows two variants of the crown: the usual cut off forum, the shape of the cap (keep in mind - if the haircut is done normally, the choice of the crown does not affect the exhibition assessment).
Before cutting the crown should be combed. In the case of the usual cut-off form, the crown is cut in a semicircle, with a part necessary with the eyes to its highest point. After that, the crown is cut along the oblique from the outer corner of the eye to the ears (experts do not recommend cutting the poodle from the outer corner of the eye to the ears in a straight line).
If you want to choose the second option (the shape of a cap), in this case, the hair above the ears does not shear and combed to the ears. Wool crown at the same time as well ears to the outer corners of the eyes, should cover the poodle's face. In both these cases, the eyes should be clearly visible. After that, the upper part of the crown is evenly trimmed and leveled. The crown at the base should be wide, slightly tapering upwards. To make your poodle's head look more elegant, make sure that the crown falls as far as possible on your ears. In front, the crown and ears should cover the head without a single line, without cutting off, as with a modern haircut.
Wool should fall on the ears. Ears also need to be made graceful - so that they form a single harmonious whole with the head.
In the case of hairstyle "under the lion with mitts," try not to remove the hair on the forearm.
The front legs of your dog should also be given attention. Try to give them the shape of columns, so that the vertical front line of the forearm smoothly passes into a convex arc on the front of the chest, forming a right angle behind the chest.
There is an American version of the standard hair "under the lion", which is done, as a rule, the royal poodle. This version differs from the classic one in that the hair on the head of the poodle is left uncut, while at the same time creating the appearance of a “tail”. In addition, two hemispheres with a diameter of four to ten centimeters are cut symmetrically on both sides of the vertebral ridge in the sacro-vertebral region.
When performing hairs "under the lion," note the following:
- back line do not cut too horizontally;
- do not cut the neck line too sheer;
- the outlines of the hairstyle on the front of the chest should not be either too flat or convex;
- waistcoat line should not be too long or too short;
- the arcuate line bounding the waistcoat from the bottom must begin at the level of the hip tubercles;
- the vest should not visually resemble a box or barrel; in the first case, round the edges of the vest more in the back, in the second - make sure that the vest reproduces the oval of the chest;
- do not cut the vest line of the forearms of too long or short sleeves;
- leave the fur on 1-2 fingers under the elbow joint; round the edges and sleeves together with the bottom edge of the vest;
- Pompons should not be too small and too high.
Haircut poodle "60s" ("modern")
By the standards of this hairstyle (it is also called "under the sheep"), the wool is completely removed on the muzzle, cheeks, paws, throat, and also shears on the belly (in females up to the second pair of nipples, in males - 2 centimeters from the penis) and one third at the base of the tail. On the face, antennae are highly valued, which are recommended to leave. The hair on the ears also does not cut.
As for the crown, it is cut from the ear. At the base, the crown is left wider, after which they are cut along a semicircular arc, somewhat tapering upwards. A forehead should be made clear rounding, which should smoothly mate with the highest part of the crown. Outwardly, it should look like a crown hanging over the eyes.
On the nape, the wool is clipped so that the transition to the sides and back seems as soft as possible. Hair on the trunk should be left short (excluding the chest and gluteal region). To form a smooth transition to the pants of the front legs and the bevel from elbow to waist, from the sides at the elbows leave longer hair. Combing the hair and cutting off the protruding hair, make the transition from the gluteal region to the pants on the hind legs.
It is necessary to achieve the most smooth transition from the back to the pants. In this case, pants should follow the natural contour of the hind legs and be “wide” at the bottom. The entire back, from the withers to the croup, is cut short. Wool is highly combed out and cut off, paying particular attention to the smoothness of transitions from one part of the back to another.
On the tail, wool is made in the form of a round pom-pom. Paws and toes should be well cut. The hair between the pads and fingers should also be trimmed so that the claws are clearly visible.
There is also the so-called "puppy haircut" - in fact, almost the same as the "modern". Their only difference is that in this case the mane is practically not cut, as a result of which the hairstyle is similar to the “Anglo-Saxon” one. "Puppy hair" is allowed only up to 18 months. When shearing "modern", pay attention to the following:
- the back of the head should not be too convex;
- the outline of the hairstyle on the chest should not be barrel-like;
- the transition to the chest should not be vertical;
- there should be no “pillows” when moving from the back to the pants - this suggests that the wool is not cut well enough;
- pants should not be in the form of the letters "X" or "O", and not form too wide a "flare" or "pipe";
- Pants should not be too short or too long;
- the crown should not be too flat, or too setting on the face; neither can she be too cropped;
- the beginning of the crown on the forehead should be sufficiently convex.
Anglo-Saxon Poodle Haircut
This haircut poodle - the most advantageous. It is dominated by the contour hairstyle "under the lion" in front of the body. However, the back of the haircut is different: on the waist, the croup and in the groin, the hair is left 1-2 cm long, to further emphasize the line formed by the uncut mane and steeply descending to the horizontally made sacral part.
Such a short hairstyle croup clearly highlights the tail with its pompon, clipped on its upper two-thirds. In the “Anglo-Saxon” hairstyle, the machine completely coats the hair on the paws, muzzle and throat.
If you are performing a model of an "Anglo-Saxon" haircut, which is called the "English gray hair", then the hair is also completely cut off on the part of the forearm; while on the hind legs two narrow, horizontal, parallel sweeps are laid out: the first is approximately 2 cm below the knee, and the second 2 cm above the knee.
Ideally, the impression should be created, as if in these places wearing rubber bands. The edges around these notches are slightly rounded so that three spheres are formed - on the knee, sciatic hill, and under the knee. In these places, the hair should be significantly longer than on the back of the body, and on the heel it should be about ten centimeters long.
Так как в этой прическе волосы на холке, голове и загривке не стригутся, из шерсти надо лбом делается "хвост" - топ-ноп (top-knop), который расчесывается так, чтобы от головы к спине образовалась плавная, диагонально выгнутая, дугообразная линия. Усов при "англосаксонской" стрижке, как правило, не оставляют.
There is also a variation of "Anglo-Saxon" haircuts with "panties and sleeves" when the forearm is not cut off. At the same time, "notching" on the hind legs is also not done. The forearm is trimmed in the shape of a column that slopes downwards, and the contours of the fur on the hind legs repeat their natural curves.