No dogs are insured against injuries. How to help your pet in a critical situation, our article will tell.
Any dog can get injured, even a crumb, never leaving the apartment. Most often dogs get wounds in fights. In the city, cars are the cause of many injuries, from light to deadly animals. Ligaments and tendons often suffer in icy conditions, especially in dogs of large and giant breeds.
Small decorative dogs sometimes for injury is enough to jump off the couch or escape from the hands of the owner. Therefore, owners should prepare for unpleasant surprises and get a first-aid kit containing dressings, antiseptics, healing drugs and painkillers. Dogs are active animals and often receive various injuries. Most often it is bruises, sprains, wounds, bone fractures, dislocations of joints.
Two thirds of all injuries in dogs occur on the limbs. Simple injuries can be cured by the owner himself, for complex injuries, professional veterinary care is required. But for any damage, the owner should be able to provide first-aid first aid to his pet.
Wounds in dogs
Wounds in dogs are cut, stabbed, torn, biting, and so on. They are characterized by a violation of the integrity of the skin, muscles, blood vessels, wounds in dogs are often contaminated with soil and saliva. It is possible to cope with simple cases on your own, but if the wound has a large size, heavy bleeding, and severe contamination, then after rendering first aid, you need to contact a veterinarian as soon as possible.
It is necessary to clean the wound, stop the bleeding, carry out its antiseptic treatment and apply a bandage. Remove foreign objects from the wound: splinters, wire, glass fragments, shear or shave wool at the edges of the wound, having previously closed it with a tampon so that the wool does not get inside. Then wash the wound with hydrogen peroxide or asleep, smear the edges with 5% iodine solution or another antiseptic.
In case of severe bleeding, a tourniquet can be applied to the injured limb, but not more than 30-60 minutes. Hemostatic preparations can be given to the pet: etamzilat (1 tab. 0.25 per 15 kg of weight) and vikasol (1 tab. 0.03 per 30 kg).
With an average bleeding, place a piece of hemostatic sponge at the bottom of the wound, and tightly close it with a tampon moistened with hydrogen peroxide or andraxone on top. In case of weak bleeding it is enough to apply a pressure bandage, bringing the wound edges as close as possible. Use a bandage for dressings, as the plaster does not adhere to the dog's coat.
For extensive injuries after first aid, the dog is immediately taken to a veterinary institution for surgical treatment of the wound.
Sprains and bruises
Bundles suffer most often during unsuccessful jumps or falls. The dog begins to limp, the injured joint hurts, sometimes swells. The animal does not bend or unbend it to the end; it protects the paw while walking, although sometimes it relies on it carefully. Soreness and lameness are most pronounced after waking up, then the dog "walks around."
Bruises occur when striking blunt objects. The hurt place hurts, swells, redness or hemorrhage is possible. The dog can limp. With sprains and bruises in most cases, you can do it yourself. On the first day, a cold should be applied to the damaged area for 30 minutes, with breaks of 1-2 hours: a bottle of cold water and ice, a hot-water bottle with ice.
In the next few days, the injured place is warmed with a blue lamp or a warm heating pad is applied, a bandage with heated salt or sand for 20-30 minutes several times a day. Bruising sites can be lubricated with troksevazin twice a day. When the joint is stretched, they fix it with an elastic bandage and make sure that the dog does not play, does not jump, and walk less on the stairs. If necessary, in the first days give an analgesic - analgin (1 tab. 2 times a day).
Dislocations and fractures
With dislocations, the limbs occupy an irregular, unnatural position, the bones protrude from the joint, but the integrity of the skin is not disturbed. The joint swells up, it hurts, the dog does not rest on the injured paw. In order to avoid rupture of ligaments and bone fractures, only a veterinarian should reduce sprains. Fractures of the bones are open when fragments of bones come out, and closed.
For fractures with displacement, the injured limb, as a rule, becomes shorter than healthy. For fractures and dislocations, the dog raises the injured paw high and does not lean on it at all when walking. With the help of a tire, the injured limb is carefully fixed, without trying to straighten it or to combine bone fragments.
You can gently lay the dog on a flat surface, such as a sheet of plywood. Apply a cold to the place of injury and give the animal analgin if he is in severe pain. The injured dog should be taken to a doctor as soon as possible.