Walking like almost all healthy puppies. Otherwise, you should pay attention to the puppy's health, its reaction to the environment and seek the help of a specialist.
(The beginning of the topic, read in the previous article: Keeping dogs)
We must not forget that before the first walk it is necessary to carry out all the necessary measures for vaccination, while at the same time engaging in the primary socialization of the puppy at home. After that - walk on health with a puppy as often as possible, naturally, observing the age regimen of physical and psychological stress.
Rules for walking with a puppy
Until the puppy is 3 months old, it is recommended to walk with him in places far from noisy roads with heavy traffic, from large enterprises, from crowded places of people and animals.
After the puppy becomes accustomed to the urban environment and establish a strong contact with the owner, you can periodically go out of town, which has a very beneficial effect on both the health of the child and his social development.
You can not:
- Walking a puppy in playgrounds and sports grounds, the territories of kindergartens, schools, hospitals.
- Walking in extreme heat, cold, heavy snowfall, heavy thaw.
- Letting the puppy go for a walk alone, is absolutely forbidden without a host!
From the first days of walking with a puppy, it is necessary to provide his growing body with systematic physical exercises that gradually increase in duration and intensity. The required load is successfully provided by walks and games. But care must be taken: physically, the puppy is still quite weak, the increased load for it is unbearable and will bring nothing but harm.
Therefore, while walking, do not forget to stop periodically, to give your child the opportunity to relax and look around. Remember that walks with a puppy are used not only to strengthen his health (and his own), but also to gain life experience, train him to respond adequately to constantly changing environmental conditions, develop an adequate response to various external and internal stimuli. With maximum efficiency, try to use the process of walking to train your puppy to perform various commands, avoiding overworking the puppy.
In calm (ideally - fenced) places, the leash can be unfastened: let the kid run independently - freedom stimulates knowledge.
Always remember that a city street for a puppy is thousands of pleasant and unpleasant smells, sounds, bright light, speed, danger. A puppy, accustomed to the fact that at home it is surrounded by the care and attention of only a few people, is already stressed during the first walk. Watch the puppy carefully during the walk, in case of fright, try to distract him with something positive and calm him down, gradually leading him away from the source of fright.
At first, as mentioned above, it is better to walk with the puppy in quiet, calm places, without strong irritants. A puppy during a walk even in such places will still get a lot of new impressions and emotions. If your house is surrounded by noisy streets or other houses, it is better to walk with your baby in the early morning or late evening to minimize the possibility of sound and other stresses.
Protect your baby from accidents. Try to anticipate any dangerous situations.
After reaching 3 months of age it is necessary to gradually complicate the route of walking: to increase the time of walking, to acquaint the puppy with as many distracting stimuli as possible, to accustom him to the sounds and smells of moving vehicles. Gradually, it is necessary to expand the circle of acquaintances with people and animals, primarily with other dogs (preferably not with stray, with calm "master").
It is gradually taught to populous places on sites with puppy transport and they always pass through them on a leash and harness (collar). If the puppy is scared of something, you should immediately calm him down, distracting and stroking. The owner himself is not very nervous and not upset, as his nervous state almost immediately will negatively affect the puppy. If a frightened object is potentially not dangerous, you can gradually distracting your puppy with a game, approach it to allow the baby to sniff, inspect and make sure there is no threat.
It will be just great if the puppy has a chance to play with toys and peers in safe places.
Important! City transport - for a puppy a source of new sounds, new sharp smells. But at the same time - a source of serious potentially dangerous. Therefore, it is necessary to teach a puppy not to shy away from cars and buses that are traveling along their own routes, but at the same time teach not to jump on the road and be attentive next to moving vehicles.
In 3-4 months We continue to gradually increase the time of games and walks, physical activity, while closely watching that the puppy does not overwork.
At this age, special attention is paid to the development of the prohibiting team.
In 4-8 months also gradually increase the time and length of walks. Gradually introduce all new stimuli. But to make the whole walk in the immediate vicinity of sharp irritants is not recommended.
Walks and not only
We have already mentioned that walks should be used not only for mandrel, physical development and health promotion, but also for learning about the world, the most effective communication of a puppy with the owner, for raising a puppy and its initial training. During the walk, it is necessary to periodically work out various teams ("To me", "Sit", "Lie down").
Classes should not be long: you can not turn walks into continuous classes on education and training, otherwise there is a constant inhibition of the puppy's natural desire for freedom, active behavior, and this in turn may adversely affect its development, develop useful active behavioral skills.
Attention! The owner during a walk with a puppy must be extremely attentive, constantly monitoring and evaluating the environment, noticing all the nuances and the slightest, even potential, dangers, thereby trying to avoid them.
Possible and very useful if you correctly assess the physical capabilities of your dog and commensurate the upcoming load with the capabilities of your dog.
The dog during the entire trip has an excellent opportunity to move on different grounds, from the composition of which the load on the paws changes periodically. In a long hike, a person usually goes straight along a certain route, and the dog, being without a leash, moves with waste in different directions, in zigzags, circles, overcoming the trajectory that is much longer and more complex than the person.
If possible, do more halts. Going with a dog on a long hike, the owner must be sure that your dog unquestioningly executes the commands "To me" and "Fu", as there may be quite a lot of temptations around: butterflies, beetles and other insects, domestic and wild birds and animals. In any case, when such irritants appear, it is better to prevent possible non-standard situations and take the dog on a leash.
Be careful, do not let the dog away in the deep forest: wild animals, snakes are a real danger, when meeting your dog may behave inadequately.
Jogging is very useful to combine with walks. You can run, keeping the puppy on a leash, in quiet places where nothing threatens and does not interfere with free movement. It is also very important not to overdo it. If the puppy is overworked and begins to lag or stop, you must immediately stop running, give the puppy a rest and continue to follow a calm step. Over the next 3-4 days the load should be reduced, reducing the length of runs. Then the load can be gradually increased again.
Jogging is desirable to use in each walk, or at least 3-4 times a week. Subsequently, when the dog gets used to the loads, the owner can use the bike when jogging with the dog. In winter, walks on skis are very useful for the owner and the dog: the dog will get excellent physical exertion, moving behind the owner in deep snow, but you should not move on a hard crust (possible damage to the paws).
The length of the run depends on the breed, age, physical development. The average is: