The name of the breed Alaskan Malamute is derived from the name of the tribe Inuit Malemutewhich began to breed such dogs in ancient times.
The malamyut tribe lived solely on hunting and fishing. Their main food was reindeer. In the Eskimo language the word "miut " means the people (translation of the word "more " - unknown)
Perhaps this is a geographical name. Formerly, these were Russian possessions, but at the end of 1867 Alaska passed to the United States. Malemiuts and other peoples of these places did not even notice these political changes. They continued to live their usual lives, since the lands on which they lived are so inhospitable that they are of no interest to anyone except those who were born here.
In 1896, everything changed. Gold was found on the Klondike River and 30,000 people rushed to Alaska for golden mirages. Since gold could be searched for at short intervals when the roads and rivers were free from ice and snow, the rest of the time gold seekers languished from boredom. The best cure for boredom, in addition to alcohol, was competition and betting, in which dogs played a big role.
Competitions were arranged for speed, strength and endurance. At first, no one paid any attention to local dogs, which did not look strong or fast. The favorites were the giants of such breeds as Newfoundland and St. Bernard or, at best, hefty mongrels, like the ones that can be seen in the photographs of those times that appeared as a result of the crossing (almost always random) of these giants and dogs of local breeds. These dogs were participants in dog sledding races.
No local dogs were declared in them. But soon everything changed. The history of Siberian huskies, known as Husky proves that these little dogs, nicknamed the polar rats, won the mestizos in all competitions for speed and endurance.
Alaskan Malamutes also became champions in the transport of heavy laden sleds. Competitions of this kind are still held in America, and this breed continues to beat one record after another.
After the end of the gold rush, dog sledding competitions continue to be very popular. In 1923, a young teacher from Massachusetts, Eva Seeley (Clay), read about them in a newspaper. She thought that the group of sled dogs would be a great attraction at the carnival held in this city.
Eve decided to get these dogs. And ... fell in love with this breed. After that, together with her husband Milton, she became the largest breeder Laek and Malamutes. Thanks to her efforts, the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1930 recognized the Siberian Husky breed, and in 1935 - Alaskan malamute. On April 17, 1935, the Alaskan Malamute Club was organized, and Milton Sealy became its president.
The Gripp of Yukon (Kotzebue) is the first champion of the breed, recorded in the generic book of the breed, and became the model for writing the standard. Malamutes Eva Sealy won her honor and glory during the first expedition of Admiral Byrd (Richard Evelin Byrd) to the Antarctic.
Dogs of this breed during the Second World War were “drafted” into the army. This “honor” cost them dearly - by the end of the war the breed was on the verge of extinction. Only in 1947 breed history reborn in three lines. The first line, called Kotzebue, ascended directly to the dogs of Sealy. The second, called M'Loot, came from the Yukkon area and was bred by Paul Walker. The third, less well-known, bore the name Hinmann-Irwin (Hinmann-Irwin), by the name of its breeder. Although the history of this line was short - it left its contribution to the development of the breed.
Kotzebue and M'Lut were different. Purebred Kotzebue had a very beautiful head, a short stature and a single color - wolf-gray. M'Lut were tall, had a narrower chest, elongated ears, and a pointed muzzle. In addition, the corners of the hind legs were insufficient, and the run was not as free as in modern dogs. As well, the M'Luts had a wide variety of colors, including red.
By the nature, M'Luts are more good-natured, when Kotzebue is more aggressive. For a long time, the two lines were divorced in their pure form, until Robert Zoller, nicknamed the Huskies-Pak, decided to cross them. He got amazing results. Since then, these two lines are always mixed with each other, and modern lineages include both lines.