If you decide that you need a dachshund, then think about what it is for: hunting or as a companion. This will help you choose the producers from which you can buy a puppy.
For about a hundred years in breeding dachshunds there are three areas:
The first two are represented by us. The decorative trend is quickly becoming dominant in many countries. Decorative dogs are bred only by the criteria of a first-class exterior, and the exterior requirements for them do not always coincide with the requirements established for working dogs.
Decorative dachshunds are very beautiful, they have amazing chiseled heads, elegant muzzles with an elegant line of jaws, which, however, are unlikely to be able to hold the beast. Often from the "decorators" you can hear that working dogs have simple heads, which the hunters rightly notice, but firstly, they are not stuffed with sawdust, and secondly the beasts are taken by working dachshunds.
Basically as decorative bred dwarf dachshunds. Problems are accumulating, since genetically inherited dwarfism is still an undesirable phenomenon, and the health and vitality of such dogs are at risk.
If desired, you can make decorative from any work line. At the same time, the hunting qualities are lost very quickly, and the descendants of the working tax in the third or fourth generation no longer react to the beast. The reverse process is impossible.
In those countries where there are no extensive hunting grounds and there is not enough to work with burrowed dogs, a sporting area in breeding has become a reasonable compromise. It is superbly developed in Germany. There, a person who is not interested in hunting or, for reasons of principle, abandoning it, can acquire a dachshund puppy from working parents and keep it in shape by participating in sports competitions and tests in an artificial hole.
At the same time, the working qualities of the dog are preserved, it can be used in breeding to produce excellent burrows, a high level of exterior indicators is maintained. In any case, whether you choose yourself an assistant for hunting or a future champion of exterior exhibitions, you must first choose the parents of the future puppy dachshund, evaluate their owners, and only then the last, decisive stage - the selection of the puppy from the litter.
It is best to choose a future working dog not at exhibitions, but during field trials or, ideally, to observe her work directly in the field. As already mentioned, field diplomas and appraisal do not guarantee that dogs really are of high class. It is best to spend time and evaluate the field quality of the producers.
We must remember that first-class dogs do not always give the same good offspring. Among the producers, so-called "improvers" are most highly valued; they give offspring better than themselves. Therefore, if you are not a specialist and can not calculate the quality of the offspring, based on the analysis of the lines of the parents, it is better to take a puppy from those dogs that have already had several litters. Then you can realistically assess the level of puppies. Some manufacturers produce bitches of a higher level than males, others - vice versa. Sometimes the distribution of qualities in the offspring is quite uniform.
When buying a dachshund puppy abroad, it is better to consult a good specialist, specifying whether he is interested in selling dogs of this particular owner. No less important is the next stage, starting after the owner has tied a bitch with the dog from which you want to get a puppy.
You should carefully observe how the pregnant bitch is contained, whether the owner feeds her correctly, whether the loads are reasonable in her position. The quality of the puppy Dachshund depends not only on heredity, but also on what conditions are created by the mother during the period of embryonic development of the offspring. It is very important to inquire about the owner of the bitch, about his attitude to the dog, about how much he is interested in the health and strength of the puppies.
Finally, the dachshund brought litter. You will pick up a puppy at the age of six to eight weeks. Up to this point all responsibility for his health, feeding, education lies with the owner of the bitch. It is the first weeks of the dachshund puppy’s life that lay the foundation for the dog’s physical and mental health.
Usually, with a bitch owner, with a serious approach, you agree in advance on what type of puppy you want to buy from him, how much you are willing to pay, whether you will be given the right to choose, or the owner will give the puppy you want, who will pay for registration and pedigree, to do and pay vaccinations.
If you choose a puppy dachshund on your own, first of all, pay attention to whether it has such defects or defects that may lead to health problems in the future or will permanently close the show or breeding career for your dog. Puppies should not have dewclaws. Usually breeders remove them in the first days of puppy life, but this defect is inherited, and it is better to make sure that your puppy is not a carrier of an undesirable trait.
Feel the tail: it should be smooth, moderately flexible and mobile, should not have kinks, knots, displacements or deformations. A three- to four-week puppy dachshund can already see whether it will carry the tail correctly, as provided for by the standard, or whether it will be twisted by a ring.
Bite in a dachshund puppy can be determined closer to a month. The wrong form of closing the teeth is unlikely to change as the dog grows. However, before changing teeth, it cannot be determined whether the puppy will have another defect in the dental system - twin incisors.
The accrete milk incisors can later be replaced by normal constants, remain in the same form or one incisor grows in their place, and you get a dog with an incomplete dentition and the absence of exhibitions in the future.
Pay attention to the color. Although dachshunds form it closer to the year, but it is possible to estimate the makings of a monthly puppy. So, red dogs brighten with age, their nose and claws should be black. Do not believe the seller puppies with light claws and yellow nose, which says that they will darken with age.
In brown dachshunds, the nose is allowed and the claws are in tone with the basic color. In black and tan puppies, you can determine what quality will be tanned. With age, it may become less saturated, so the brighter the puppy has fallen, the better. On the chest tan should be in the form of a butterfly with black edges and a well-marked black jumper between the "wings". As the puppy grows, the dachshund falls slightly on the chest, while on the face and paws it remains the same size.
A fuzzy, blurry fell without a clearly visible border with age will only worsen. Notice whether the puppy has white spots or marks on the chest and limbs. If they are small, consist of white hairs, then there are chances that with age these marks will decrease or disappear completely. Dachshund puppies with white shirtfront, tip of tail and paws are placed outside the breed, so you can buy them only when you have firmly decided not to participate in exhibitions and not to get offspring from your dog.
Puppies should be completely healthy, well-fed, heavy, but not due to swollen abdomen or overfeeding with carbohydrates. It is better if the puppy is not so much fat as it is heavy.
In a well-developed puppy, the head and limbs usually appear disproportionately large in relation to the body. But if the head is too large, the skull is rounded, and the limbs are thin and fragile - this is a sign that the puppy did not receive full feeding, and his mother was poorly maintained during pregnancy.
A healthy puppy's coat is shiny, not felted and not sticking out in shreds. At the age at which it is customary to sell puppies (6-8 weeks), they should already move well, eat independently, be active, cheerful, play with pleasure, explore the living space with interest.
Check if the puppy has a dachshund inguinal or umbilical hernia. This is not fatal, but it should significantly reduce the price of it, since you will have to operate on it. Do not buy a dachshund puppy with a large hernia with significant bulging of the contents.
Watch the dachshund puppy move. It should rest on the entire surface of the paws, not tiptoe, and not lean on the hock joints. Any gait disturbance, lethargy of the hind limbs, wobbling back is a sign of a serious illness.
Assessing the physical condition of the puppy, look at his character. The personality of the dog is very early and very bright. Already in a game with brothers and sisters, in a relationship with a person, in how the puppy perceives the unknown, the character of the dog is clearly visible.