If you have the opportunity to afford to buy dry dog food, for example, the company “Hills”, then more you and think about nothing. Each package of this feed indicates the amount of feed needed for your pet per day, the composition of the ingredients and the amount of fat and protein. In short, if you buy this feed, then with feeding the bullmastiff you will have no worries.
The situation is different if, for whatever reasons, you are not going to feed your dog soy with dry food. Maybe you have some prejudice to dry or canned dog food, or perhaps the high cost of food is a serious problem - it is not that important. For such owners of puppies of a bullmastiff (at the age of 3-4 months) I would advise to feed my dog as follows:
- in the morning (at 6-7 o'clock) it is possible to offer the animal barley soaked in milk at night (fine and very well digestible food);
- at 12-13 o'clock it would be good to give the puppy finely chopped fresh meat. By the way, it is also a good idea to fill it with barley, soaked in milk;
- at 16-17 hours you can feed the dog again with barley or oats soaked in milk;
- at 20-21 hours it is useful to give about 100 grams of finely chopped fresh meat.
The amount of feed must meet the needs of your pet. If the puppy is not finished, the feed should be removed from the visibility and reach of the puppy. Do not leave food lying in a puppy bowl. This is not hygienic, and pampers the animal.
Food that is constantly in the bowl becomes less interesting, and the puppy can go in search of something else. It is possible that he will ask you for your breakfast or lunch.
From four months it would be good to give daily a drop of fish oil and a teaspoon of bone meal along with meat food.
Do not try, as already mentioned, to feed your puppy very much (read the article “Feeding the puppy” on this topic), take care only that during the period of intensive growth his diet is complete, varied and includes all the necessary ingredients.
For the first year and a half, a puppy is almost impossible to overfeed with properly selected protein foods.
It is believed that bullmastiff puppies that grow very quickly should eat 1.5 - 2 kilograms of meat. In practice, some dogs are limited to 700 - 800 grams of meat, but at the same time getting a sufficient amount of other organic food. This includes, of course, a scar, which, although very useful for puppies, does not replace meat. During a long period of growth and maturing of a puppy, he is usually unable to determine for himself which herbs and greens are useful for him and which are not.
In this regard, it is extremely useful to give the puppy a slightly washed out and for 2-3 minutes a hem dipped in boiling water, in which the remnants of semi-digested herbs are preserved. In addition, the rumen contains many necessary enzymes and microorganisms that promote normal digestion, fermentation, and maintain normal microflora in the dog's intestines.
I want, however, to warn the owners of puppies, and owners of adult dogs, from feeding them exclusively with a scar. This can lead to diseases, such as food allergies, when small ulcers are poured out all over the skin. It can be cured easily; it is enough to put the dog on a dry dietary feed.
Another problem that I want to warn you about is that when feeding with a scar, an animal can become infected with worms.
Very important products for the body of a growing puppy are, of course, products such as: milk, cottage cheese, yogurt and kefir, rich in calcium. Additionally, in the puppy's diet, calcium supplements in large quantities should not be added, since overdose of calcium may develop signs of rickets in a dog. The fact is that calcium preparations are not absorbed in the dog's body without fat-soluble vitamin D3 (dehydrotachysterol).
And we should not forget that calcium chloride has a detrimental effect on the walls of the stomach, and an excess of calcium causes a deficiency in the dog's body of zinc, iodine and iron, which causes zinc deficient dermatitis, hypothyroidism and iron deficiency anemia.
Here is what they say on the Royal Canin Web page on the Internet:
"The metabolism of phosphorus and calcium is subject to strict regulation: the body seeks to work out even small changes in the ratio of calcium and phosphorus in the blood
through the secretion of specific hormones. When calcium absorption increases, the level of calcium in the blood (calcemia) also increases and the consequences are as follows:
- the secretion of the parathyroid hormone decreases - usually this hormone stimulates the release of calcium from the bones (osteolysis);
- peak of calciotonin secretion: its role is to slow down osteolysis, lowering calcemia.
With prolonged excess calcium intake, bone and cartilage tissues cannot be reconstructed for a long time. The maturation of cartilage is suspended. They become more fragile as they withstand mechanical stresses and increasing weight.
Delay in reconstructing bones and fragility of cartilage can cause very serious diseases, including the impossibility of movement: osteochondrosis, dissecting osteohodritis, vertebral squeezing, etc. "
Diet for bullmastiffs
As one of the very successful rations for bullmastiffIn the age from six months to two years (that is, until the final maturation of the dog), the following option can be offered:
- at 8-9 o'clock in the morning: 120 grams of oatmeal, soaked overnight in milk, with added egg yolk;
- at 12 o'clock: 500 grams of raw meat cut into large pieces or 900 grams of rumen;
- at 17-18 o'clock: repetition of morning feeding;
- at 20-21 hours: repetition of twelve-hour feeding, but with the addition of bone meal and vitamin D
Please note that meat and oatmeal are given in different feedings. It is believed that bloating (flatulence) or torsion of the stomach is largely due to enhanced enzymatic processes and fermentation caused by the dog eating at the same time and, consequently, by the simultaneous digestion of these two products. If they are used separately, despite the disposition of bullmastiffs to digestive problems, this can be avoided.
Puppies should be given large bones. Bones contain lime, protein, collagen and other valuable substances. In addition, bone gnawing is good for teeth and gums. Puppies in age from 4 to 7 months are especially in need during the period of changing teeth. The bones of young animals are most useful: lambs, calves, with lots of cartilage and leftover meat.
Bones, like meat, and scar, should be boiled over with boiling water, but not boiled, because in this case they will lose their biological value. And one more plus in favor of using bones when feeding puppies. Any puppy not only nibbles a bone with visible pleasure, it also plays with it at the same time, holding it with its paws, turning it over more conveniently or burying it in a secluded place. This is a brilliant exercise for a puppy's paws, which is to be welcomed. Try to avoid giving puppies small or split bones.
!!! In no case do not give the puppy tubular bones of the bird (legs or legs). The tubular bones are hollow and extremely fragile. They are very easily broken on the teeth of a dog and can then injure the mouth, esophagus, stomach walls, and intestines.
It is recommended to give the puppies fish. Fish is also the most valuable product, very useful for the developing organism of a puppy. Northern huskies, for example, all my life only fish and feed. Puppies love minced raw herring. Skip raw sea fish through a meat grinder along with bones, and this food can significantly increase your puppy's appetite.
River fish is also useful for puppies, but be careful with it. Firstly, because there are many small and sharp bones in it, and secondly, because in the rivers, and accordingly, many small parasites, ticks and worms live in the fish. River fish should be boiled. Fish bones and heads are generally not dangerous for a dog, and it copes with them quite easily. It is recommended to remove large bones only from very large fish, first of all the ridge, as well as strong and sharp spines of fins.
Dogs of the Bullmastiff breed are mostly mostly quite unpretentious animals and eat the offered food without any problems. Unless she is spoiled by her own masters.
The dog does not have a refined taste (as a person) and does not require a change of dishes and additions in the form of sauces and various seasonings. She can, like the cow and the horse, receive the same food daily. Well, that owner, who indulges his dog with smoked sausage, muffins and sweets, should not be surprised if his dog suddenly becomes choosy and starts to refuse his usual food.