Raising a dachshund puppy

Raising a dachshund puppy is a very important process that should never be neglected. In the development of a puppy from birth to puberty, there are six main periods.

Each of them is important and in each of them a person must control the development of the cheek, closely monitor possible deviations from the norm and correct them in a timely manner.

First period Lasts two weeks from the moment of birth and is called vegetative. At this time, the puppy is still in communication with the mother. Its behavior is governed by innate stimuli and reflexes. The puppy's eyes and auditory passages are closed, but the sense of smell and touch are already working, helping him to get to the source of food - the mother's nipples. The most amazing thing is that puppies, who still have no experience, who receive almost no information about the world around them, seem to have dreams, that is, they have a phase of the so-called paradoxical, or fast, sleep, during which the brain processes take place just like during wakefulness.

Puppies quickly sort out the limbs, under closed eyelids they have eyeballs moving, they whine and merge. They seem to be dreaming about hunting, stalking, stalking and catching prey. The brain processes information obtained not experimentally, but genetically, and begins a kind of preparation of the body for future activities, on which the survival of the individual in nature depends.

Second period lasts from the second to the fourth week. It is called transitional. Open eyes, auditory passages. The sense of smell develops. The puppy begins to receive information about the outside world. He already knows the smells of his place, brothers and sisters. At this age, puppies react to positive stimuli by twisting a tail. Mother is now not only caring for puppies, but also begins to play with them, teaching behavior skills. At this age, you must begin to prepare the puppy for contact with the person, to teach him to caress, his hands.

Third period called the period of formation. It lasts from the fourth to the seventh week. Dachshund puppies go to independent feeding. At this time, take care of them dozhzhen people. He feeds puppies, provides security and acts as a teacher and educator. Dachshund puppies by nature actively seek training. The person gradually teaches them to keep clean, teaches the place. But the main task of the owner in this period is to establish strong contact with the puppies, based on the trust and voluntary submission of the dog to the owner.

The fourth period for the formation of the nature of the dachshund and its relationship with the owner in importance has no equal. The time from the eighth to the twelfth week is a period of socialization. All omissions in puppy rearing, made now, will respond to major problems during puberty and adulthood of the dog. This is the time of awareness of the puppy as a member of the pack, claims for leadership. The puppy learns to defend its interests and to obey, its place on the hierarchy is established. The task of the owner - without gross pressure, if possible with the mind, not force, impose its leadership on the puppy. Due to the nature of the dachshund, it is necessary that the owner during the period of socialization, and later, punish the puppy as seldom as possible.

Any upbringing and training ultimately boils down to the carrot and stick policy. But when working with dachshund, the number of "gingerbread" should be predominant. Dachshund needs approval. It is easier to educate and teach, not punishing wrong actions, but vigorously approving and encouraging the right and desirable actions. During the period of socialization, the owner must begin with the dachshund to work on mastering the course of obedience. Dachshunds are extremely clever and overbearing and will try to occupy a dominant position in the pack consisting of a dog and a man. Acting gently, but persistently, get the leader to recognize you.

Fifth period, lasting from 13 to 24 week, called the period of subordination. This time corresponds to the transitional period in children and creates the same problems for adults as the owner of the puppies. If, during the period of socialization, the owner missed the initiative or made gross mistakes in education, then the fee will be avenged by disobedience. But a properly raised dachshund will try to show "who is the boss in the house." She does not obey commands, ignores the owner, can respond to punishment with aggression or flee. As with adolescents, with taxes in the period of establishing the chain of command, reasonable rigor is needed in combination with the maximum workload of their new information, work, training, walks.

Finally, the sixth period puppy growing up is a puberty period. It lasts from 7 to 15 months. At this time in the dog's body there are huge changes. Her behavior begin to manage sex hormones. In bitches, the first estrus occurs, males begin to raise their legs during urination and mark the area. At the meeting, dogs are already incredulous of each other. The instinct of owning a territory and a female pushes them to fights or less violent, but equally troublesome, clarifications of relationships. In males, a feature is manifested, due to which many prefer to keep the bitches: if there is a choice between submission to the owner and grooming the "lady", they choose the latter. They need to be closely monitored, as even the most educated can run away, sensing the smell of a bitch with heat. The task of the owner in this period is to consolidate its dominant position, to persevere in dog training, but at the same time to treat the changes in the mood of the dog with understanding. She has already formed as a person, and her wishes should be respected, giving her the opportunity to be alone or to communicate with the owner when she herself wants it.

Rearing a dachshund as a future home pet in general is similar to the education of any other dog, of course, taking into account the characteristics of the breed. If you want to have a working dog, from an early age achieve obedience, always strive for mutual contact and cooperation with it. Dachshunds originating from working parents have very strong hunting instincts. They tend to climb into any pipe, dig holes, and gamble for other animals.

It is important to immediately start managing these instincts. Dachshund must firmly grasp that it is forbidden to hunt cats, poultry, and other dogs. From childhood she must get used to chasing the beast only on command or when launched into a burrow. If the dachshund puppy is afraid of the dark, enclosed space, he should be cautiously taught to go first to the dark room, then to the small short pipes made of newspapers, cardboard or other improvised materials, then encourage the examination of various openings for a walk. Of course, this ensures that the dog does not get into trouble, does not get stuck somewhere, otherwise such a training will permanently discourage her from hunting in the hole.



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