The traditional version of the origin of the breed Bullmastiff.
It is believed that breed bullmastiff - This is one of the relatively young breeds, bred at the end of the 19th century by foresters in England for protection against poachers. The laws of England, traditionally very strict (if not cruel) to poachers, provided for the death penalty for almost any offense.
And, therefore, the poacher in no case did not surrender to the rangers, even in the most hopeless situations, firing back and resisting to the last. The frequent death of foresters and rangers caused the breeding of the bullmastiff to help in the fight against poachers. Dogs of this prod are powerful and fearless, like mastiffs, and taiga are swift and stubborn like bulldogs (now the so-called Old English Bulldogs, which are quite different from modern bulldogs).
These two breeds became the "outcome" for breeding the bullmastiff. The foresters needed a dog that would not make a fuss when approaching the poacher and, on command, would attack him violently and fearlessly. The result was a dog, strong and fast, but, given the fighting qualities of the original breeds, it is very fierce. That is, now poachers had to be rescued from the fangs of these dogs.
That is why the Bullmastiffs began to wean the bite and tear of the enemy. It was necessary only to tumble down and press the poacher to the ground with the body weight of the dog. And so weaned that modern bullmastiffs have enough time to train so that they would not hesitate to use their teeth. And already if they “swung” up to this, then the enemy - beware!
With a decrease in the number of poachers, bullmastiffs began to be used as guard dogs, sometimes police dogs. However, this traditional version, although it has the right to exist and is true in many respects, still, in our opinion, needs some addition.
Let's go back to the qualities that would ideally be expected from the derived bullmastiff. He had to reliably protect his master (it means, to be strong, vicious, fearless) and find, pursue the poacher (it means, have a good sense, be strong, sticky in pursuit and impetuous).
That is, the functional specialization of bullmastiffs consisted in those services that were called “Protective Guard Service (ZKS) and Investigation Service" (RS) at the time of DOSAAF. Therefore, nothing fundamentally new from the point of view of functional specialization was required from the Bullmastiff. the same tasks were successfully carried out and carried out by German shepherd dogs, rottweilers, Dobermans, and many other service breeds, domestic and foreign.
An unusual and quite interesting was precisely the approach to solving the problem, in particular the approach to determining the breeds, the hybrids of which could best meet the specified requirements.
Pay attention to the quality of the original rocks. What do we know about them? Both the mastiff and the bulldog were already independent and well-formed breeds. Both the breed and the other belonged to the group of breeds, which it was customary to call Bulen - or Berenbeitzer (Byko - or Medvedavy). That is, the character and desire to fight in both breeds were developed very, very well.
But, unfortunately, for a number of reasons, neither one nor the other was sufficiently suitable for the needs of the rangers. The mastiff is massive, but not very fast. The bulldog is harsh, wicked, and swift, but somewhat easy to fill an adult and strong man with no problems. It is necessary to think that the initial "material" (representatives of both bulldogs and mastiffs) was in sufficient quantity at hand at the rangers, for the activity on breeding the bullmastiff breed was by no means a state program of Great Britain.
It is striking that the very idea of breeding a hybrid bulldog and mastiff either "lit up" at once a lot of foresters and rangers in different parts of the country, or the bred dogs liked them so much that the news about such dogs spread almost instantly. After all, there is no person who could be considered the sole creator of the bullmastiff, such as Ludwig Dobermann — the creator of the Doberman, the captain Gordon — the creator (according to some versions — the restorer) of the Gordon setter, etc.
That is, for the appearance of a herd of the same type of dogs, several initial conditions are needed: first, a large number of enthusiasts who could be engaged in breeding activities for a long time; secondly, a sufficient (large) amount of “source material” (representatives of mastiff and bulldog breeds); thirdly, the inexhaustible, very long relevance of such activities for a significant number of consumers; fourth, the economic feasibility of this work.
The British are very proud of the bullmastiff breed and call it the “pure British breed”, which means “truly English breed”, since it was bred with the participation of two English breeds - the English mastiff and the English bulldog.
The remarkable qualities of the bullmastiff loomed initially, thanks to the purely utilitarian needs of their everyday use, and the dogs, at least in something that did not meet the needs, were rejected immediately with an “iron hand”.
This approach is also universal, independent of the breed, era, geographic location, etc. Let us recall, for example, the Caucasian and Asian wolfhounds and the methods of their selection and breeding, the bull terriers, Russian hounds, and so on.
Can we really assume that the Bullmastiff breed was bred (as most reference books write) at the end of the 19th century? Yes and no. Yes - because it was during this period that the first bullmastiffs were recorded - participants of shows and exhibitions, the first pedigrees were instituted on them, and clubs of amateur and breeders of bullmastiffs were established.
No - because the hybrids of the two original breeds have been known for a very long time and references to them are given in many and very different sources. But the purposeful breeding of dogs of this breed begins precisely from the end of the 19th century - when there really was an urgent need for them. Funny, but in some of the first pedigrees of the English mastiffs are bullmastiffs! And in the first pedigree of bullmastiffs, you can even find the bloodhounds. Only the bulldogs are not referred to as the result of crossing different breeds.
From this we can conclude that suitable dogs begged first of all, or rather, solely on their working qualities! And no one especially cared about the purity of the blood lines!
Many dogs that are listed in the pedigree bullmastiffs (and even mastiffs) do not know the producers. They may have just been found somewhere on the road and sold by someone unknown. Compare this with the fact that some Caucasian or Asian wolfhounds also have no indications of ancestors, for example, in the fourth generation.