A hernia in dogs is characterized by prolapse of the internal organs through a pathological or natural opening, and the sheath lining the anatomical region bulges out.
Hernias by origin are acquired or congenital. Dogs usually have the following types of hernia:
- intervertebral (discopathy in dogs),
- umbilical hernia.
Mechanical injury can contribute to the abdominal wall rupture, which in turn leads to the formation of a traumatic hernia or organ prolapse under the skin.
Umbilical hernia in dogs: symptoms, treatment
The umbilical hernia is a protrusion of the peritoneum with the release of internal organs through a wide umbilical ring. Most often, this phenomenon is recorded, as a rule, in puppies.
Thus, umbilical hernias in dogs can be congenital, in the case when the umbilical ring does not grow after birth, as a result of which the connective tissue is stretched. Acquired hernias result from injuries sustained, as well as an increase in intra-abdominal pressure and spasms of various etiologies.
So, in the area of the navel a slight swelling clearly appears, often of a spherical shape, which is characterized by a soft texture. Palpation pain is absent. With hernias being reset, it is possible to probe the hernial ring, as well as determine its size. If the hernia is unreducible, then there may be a pinch at which the corresponding inflammatory reaction occurs.
So, the dog is observed:
- rejection of feed
- breath and heartbeat quickens,
- pain on palpation appears.
As the hernial content can act as an omentum, and intestinal loops or intestines. The prognosis for the presence of an umbilical hernia in a dog is generally favorable. In the treatment of applied standard or surgical methods.
So, you can use dressings in combination with irritating ointments, and also inject around the hernial ring 95% alcohol to form scar tissue. However, to date, much more often resort to surgical methods of treatment, which are rightly the most reliable and effective.
So, the dog is pre-fixed, after which an infiltration anesthesia is performed with a 0.5% solution of novocaine along the line of the intended incision. In the future, guided by one way or another of the operation, the most common of which are such as: the method of Goering - Sedamgrotsky, the way Sapozhnikova and method of Olivkov.
Any surgical intervention to remove a hernia is completed by overlapping knotted sutures. Prevention consists in observing the zoohygienic rules of keeping a dog, as well as in preventing injuries of various etiologies.
Inguinal hernia in dogs
Inguinal hernia in dogs usually occurs in females. Its contents are the bladder, intestines or uterus. The disease is promoted by the peculiarity of the anatomical structure of the groin area of the animal and increased intrauterine pressure. An inguinal hernia in dogs is diagnosed by the presence in the groin area of bilateral or unilateral swelling of a spherical or elongated shape.
Content is unreducible or editable. If the contents of the bag is the pregnant uterus, then as the fetus grows, the swelling increases. If there is a bladder there, then the animal will discharge urine when it is pressed on the hernia and at the same time the swelling decreases. Treatment of inguinal hernia - surgical. The fetus is removed during the operation.
Perineal hernia in dogs is characterized by a bulging of the peritoneum between the bladder and the rectum in males and between the uterus and the rectum in females.
Dogs with this hernia are most susceptible. The disease contributes to the excessive and repetitive straining of the abdominals due to constipation, diarrhea. Proctitis can also be the culprit of the disease.
The reduced elasticity of the intrapelvic fiber as a result of a disease with the consequent weakening of the overall tone is a predisposing factor for the formation of a hernia.
The contents of the perineal hernia are usually the uterus, bladder and intestines. This type of hernia is characterized by a painless, soft protrusion of a round or oval shape in the perineal region. In some cases, perineal hernia is right, and in some it is necessary to use surgery.