When feeding a German shepherd with natural food, meat forms the basis of the diet. It is especially important for puppies, because it plays a major role in the formation of muscles and the backbone, contains all the substances necessary for the growing organism.
Only in meat there are essential amino acids that are not synthesized in the body and must come from food. The meat can be any other than fatty pork. Low-fat pork should be given occasionally and boiled, because it often contains tapeworm larvae.
It is better to cut the meat into pieces, and not grind into mincemeat, it is worse absorbed. Great nutritional value are boiled offal: liver, heart, stomach. Bones in large numbers cause constipation, and the tubular bones of birds can injure the stomach. Therefore, a dog can occasionally be given only a large “sugar” bone. Meat in the daily diet should be at least 30% of the total food.
Partially it can be replaced by cottage cheese and sea fish. Fish is also given raw and boneless 3-4 times a week. Cottage cheese can be given to the dog every day, especially puppies. Egg should not be given whole, raw protein is too allergic, therefore, only a raw yolk or whole boiled egg is enough, but not more often than twice a week.
German Shepherd Puppy Diet
Milk can only be given to puppies as long as it does not cause an upset stomach, but for adults it is contraindicated as a metabolic disorder. But fermented milk products are very useful - ryazhenka, kefir, yogurt. Cereals are fed in the form of cereals. The most nutritious are rice and buckwheat. The grains are cooked on low heat under the lid for no more than seven minutes.
In a daily ration their volume should not exceed 30%. Bread can be given a little replacing porridge or in the form of crackers to use as a treat. Vegetables, herbs and fruits are essential as a source of vitamins. German Shepherd can be given any vegetables in a finely-shredded or grated form, flavoring with vegetable oil. Also useful are some wild plants: dandelion, nettle, young plantain leaves.
They are steamed with boiling water and crushed in mashed potatoes, and then added to feed. Do not give shepherd legumes (peas, beans, lentils), potatoes, flour products (noodles, butter, semolina), salted and pickled foods, any sweets.
When feeding a German shepherd with dry food, it should be borne in mind that its most important component is protein. The composition of the professional feed includes high-quality varieties of poultry and beef, rice. The lower class feeds are made from meat of lower varieties, as well as maize and wheat. Economy class fodder often consists of by-products and low-grade cereals.
Also, dry dog food can be complete (Complete) and incomplete (Complementary food). Polnoratsionny fully satisfies the needs of the dog and can be the only source of food. Part-time food is used as an additive to the meat ration or as a diet food for certain diseases.
The diet of the German Shepherd should be appropriate to the age, weight, physical stress of the dog and its state of health.