Some owners of dogs can not achieve obedience to their pets. The owner shouts, breaks, and the dog does not lead with his ear, runs where he wants and when he wants, starts fights, throws himself under the wheels, frightens children.
In order to prevent this, you must carefully observe the rules of education and educational training. Everyone knows that education and training are closely linked, but the concept of "education" is much broader than the concept of "training." The common thing between these concepts is that they are aimed at developing useful skills for a person.
The initial education lays the basic foundation of the relationship between the dog and the owner. Therefore, education must begin with the appearance of a puppy in the house, from a very early age.
Purposeful training is carried out no earlier than 6 months, depending on the individual characteristics of the dog. The little puppy itself learns to walk, run, overcome steps, uneven ground. On walks, in the game, in communication with peers, man, there is a gradual formation of instinct, hearing, eye, coordination of movements, becoming a harmoniously developed animal.
The essence of upbringing and initial (educational) training is not to teach the dog to sit, lie down, stand, etc. - the dog is able to do it itself - but to ensure that the dog performs such actions correctly and at the command of the owner. Education and initial training should make the puppy more disciplined, obedient, teach to perform, even if not quite clearly and reliably, the owner's team.
In the process of upbringing, unnecessary, bad habits of dogs are inhibited and eliminated. The main goal of education is to facilitate the daily maintenance of the dog, as well as creating the basis for the initial, and then, possibly, general and special training.
One of the most important conditions for successful work is unconditional love for a puppy. Only she can justify the waste of time and material means, physical and mental strength. Without love, everything will get tired very quickly, and the puppy will simply become a burden. But love must be meaningful, combined with a solid knowledge of the basics of dog breeding, with the ability to think carefully, it is advisable to carry out this work. It should be combined with the strength of character, decisive action.
Master's love in relation to the dog should not be expressed in the sugary treatment and indulgence in its whims. In communication with the puppy must be present speech accompaniment. The puppy does not understand the meaning of words and commands, but has a delicate ear, distinguishes well and picks up the slightest fluctuations in his voice, is guided by intonation, sincerity of tone. A puppy will unmistakably be able to distinguish tender, humorous intonation from imperative and strict and react accordingly. A conversation with a puppy should be in the nature of a dialogue, but the puppy responds not with words, but with facial expressions, movements, squeals, grunts or barking.
Patience and patience again!
Anyone who daily routine work on the content, feeding and education (cleaning, cleaning of sewage, cooking food, walking, walking), who is easily excited and can not cope with their irritability, should not start a puppy. Upbringing - hard daily work to which you need to be prepared. Attention: age It is necessary to take into account that in its development and behavior the puppy differs sharply from an adult dog.
His body and nervous system are not yet fully formed, not strengthened and have not finally adapted to the environment. The puppy has very little life experience for normal orientation in environmental conditions. As a result, the puppy gets tired relatively quickly, reacts sharply to all strong external stimuli (other animals, vehicles, harsh sounds, etc.). Physical abilities and behaviors of a puppy directly depend on which age group he belongs to. All this must be considered when dealing with a puppy 8 process of education and initial training.
Puppies, like children, are all different: in their physical development, behavioral characteristics, age characteristics, hereditary inclinations. For example, for some puppies, a slight mechanical action (hand pressure, a leash) is enough for them to react appropriately, and for others, these actions should be even stronger so that they understand what is being achieved from them. It must be remembered that all mechanical actions with the prohibiting command "Fu" or "It is impossible" on puppies should be sparing, less strong than on adult dogs. Otherwise, you can cause a fear in your puppy and break the contact with him earlier.
When a puppy commits an unwelcome offense, the punishment should follow immediately after it is committed. In this case, the puppy is able to understand what is required of him, for what he is punished. If the master's influence does not follow immediately, but even a few seconds late, he will not understand why he is being punished and what is demanded of him.
We will play!
Playing for a puppy at the age of 1-2 months is a vital necessity. It is possible to accustom to games in several days after habituation of a puppy to a new situation and to the owner. Do not allow him to spoil things? It is necessary to direct its energy in the right direction. Having taken a thing that cannot be spoiled from a puppy, it must be replaced with a toy, play with the puppy himself, periodically throwing toys on the floor or the ground, periodically make several short runs.
Toys should be selected based on the puppy's tastes, but remember the important limitations: Small objects are dangerous, the puppy can swallow them. Slippers, gloves, rags, etc., household items should not be used as toys. Having got used to gnawing unwanted items, the puppy will not give up the same new ones. All valuables must be hidden in hard-to-reach places for the puppy, lift the curtains, hide the wires. Games with a puppy should, to the greatest extent possible, compensate for his games with brothers and sisters, with whom the puppy is separated.
If possible, it is necessary to imitate the actions of other puppies that they produce during the game (tilting the puppy on its back, somersaults, etc.). All this is done carefully, without causing the puppy pain, a short time. It is very useful from time to time during the "struggle" to imitate the "victories" of the puppy, this contributes to the development of his courage, perseverance and initiative. Other family members, including children, should take part in games with a puppy, but also with caution and a short time so as not to overdo the puppy.
It is impossible to turn a puppy into a living toy, which is especially often observed when children play with it. In this case, inevitably comes a strong overwork and a sharp deterioration in appetite.
Before starting the game, you need to make sure that there are no dangerous objects around that could hurt the puppy and play with it. In the period from 3 to 6 months of play with a puppy should be carried out daily, gradually increasing the duration, intensity, with the active use of various toys. If possible, it would be great for a puppy to play with peer dogs. This is very useful for physical development of a puppy, and for education. An indispensable condition is the health of the puppies, approximately the same age and physical development, constant monitoring of the game by the owners. After each game, the puppy must be taken to its place, repeating the command "Place" for its further rest.
In the process of raising a puppy, it is necessary to switch his attention from undesirable actions to those that suit the owner. This will allow you to gently influence the puppy and partly avoid the situation when the first life experience is incorrectly supported. Prohibit a puppy will have a lot, but you can not constantly punish him. Nibbling is a puppy's innate need. This need is especially active in the period of growth and change of teeth, when the puppy remains alone for a long time and is not engaged in anything. At this time, the puppy can selflessly nibble shoes and furniture.
What to do?
Before you leave the puppy alone, it is necessary to walk well or play with it so that the baby is tired. Before leaving, leave a large sugar bone or a "long-playing" toy, which the puppy will be busy with for some time, and then, tired, fall asleep. Thus, he will gradually be able to accustom himself to the discipline and will not disregard in the absence of the owner. You can leave the puppy in a makeshift pen that restricts his movement around the apartment. Teach not to be afraid Teach to loud sounds, inevitable in life, it is necessary, but only gradually.
So, once on holiday, where many people hear screams, fiery flashes blaze and fireworks rumble, the puppy can be seriously frightened and damage the psyche. After such "lessons", it will be very problematic to teach him even a soft pop of a starting pistol, as a result of which such a dog will not be suitable for official use in the future. Therefore, it is better to gradually teach your child not to be afraid of loud and sharp sounds. For this you can, for example, use a balloon, which at the end of the game should burst.
A novice diary will help the novice trainer in his difficult work. The diary can be kept in any form. His data should contain information about puppy weight gain, growth at withers, appearance of milk teeth and changing them to permanent ones, date of raising the ears, monitoring age-related changes in behavior, results of education and initial training, assessments and recommendations of the specialists who examined the puppy, marks on the implementation of these recommendations, the dates of veterinary examinations, prophylactic treatments against worms and vaccinations. Entries from the diary can be read at any time, to recollect everything connected with growth and upbringing, to compare the indicators when raising other puppies. This will allow to analyze the work done, to identify and correct mistakes, as well as to plan for the future their actions ensuring the healthy and proper development of the puppy.