Dog training can have different goals. And some types of dog education can not be obtained without the help of a professional. This primarily concerns the imparting of special working skills. However, not every dog needs them.
In many cases, self-training dogs will be quite enough. Most pets need to know and carry out typical obedience commands. They can, and even should, teach the owner himself. In any case, only he will have to constantly and patiently repeat the commands so that the dog will understand them well.
Puppy study begins with memorizing nicknames. So the puppy learns to distinguish when the owner refers to him. To teach to respond to the nickname you need with the appearance of a puppy in the house. Each time, putting a bowl with food, you need to call a puppy by name. During the day, you can also periodically call a puppy and when he comes running, treat him with a tiny delicacy.
Basic rules for self-training dogs
- You can never utter a dog's name with threatening intonation or offending her.
- Also from the first days of the puppy are trained to his place. It is necessary to notice when the puppy has played enough and begins to look for a place to sleep, and invite him to the litter, affectionately saying: "Place." If he fell asleep somewhere in the chair, you need to carefully transfer him to the "place" and stroke it. You can never disturb a dog in its place and all the more offend. This is her corner for privacy from people.
- Having accustomed to the place, it is time to move on to the training of the main team of any raised dog - “To me. You need to start at home, using the feeder dogs. We need to take her in hand and call the puppy first by name, and then add: "To me." When the dog runs, put the feeder, and praise the kid with words of approval and give a treat.
- In no case can "Ko me" call a puppy in order to punish him for something. The dog will learn that this is a bad team, after which you need to hide and all the educational works will be wasted. With a fairly frequent repetition of the command (3-5 times a day), a normal baby will learn it in a week. After this workout is transferred to the street. A street for a dog is a huge world, where there are so many interesting and diverse, that is, factors that distract from obedience. Therefore, many teams need to be fixed on a walk.
Self-training dogs: the main team
For starters, it's better to find a quiet place. Let the puppy run back a little, then call him by name. When he turns to you, command: "To me." If he fulfilled the command, give a treat and praise, stroke.
Teams can not be evil shouting, but they must sound clear and decisive. After the "me" for a walk you need to let go of the puppy with the team "walk".
Day after day, increase the distance from which you call your baby to yourself. When he quickly and confidently begins to execute the command "to me", no longer call him in front of the command by the nickname, he should react simply to the voice.
When the team "walk" the leash is always unfastened. Therefore, you need to start to work it out in the safest possible place, away from roads, building sites, etc. If the puppy is afraid to move away from you and clings to the legs (as often happens with bitches), play with him.
Say "walk around" and go over when the puppy catches up with you, let him get ahead of you. Having run, call him a team and treat. Increase the free-range time gradually to five, then to 10 minutes. But do not constantly shout: "To me", not allowing the animal to walk, smell the bushes and play. He will bother you to obey.
Another important team for the walk - "Near". The dog should walk at the owner’s left foot about 30 cm, without pulling the leash, without overtaking and not lagging behind. To teach this, you can purchase a leash, a leash, or for especially large breeds a strict collar. Leaving about 50 cm of the leash free, the owner leads the dog and, when it begins to pull forward, pushes the leash upward with the words: “Near”
It is necessary to support sharply, perceptibly for the dog, but not painful, not hanging it on the collar. Constant monotonous (without shouts and emotions) repetition of the team for a week will teach the dog to walk as it should. When she starts to get, be sure to iron and praise.
By the way, delicacy is an indispensable attribute of the start of training. It speeds up the reaction of the dog, it is more diligently engaged, trying to earn something tasty. But you should not constantly, for any team performed, so encourage the dog. First, there is a risk to feed or simply ruin the appetite of the animal. Secondly, the dog with no less pleasure will carry out commands for the sake of simple stroking and praise. She will not be disappointed.
Having adopted these simple rules and recommendations, you will understand that nothing is impossible and the self-training of a dog will not be difficult and fascinating for you.