The most common diseases of the terriers

The Russian toy terrier is quite a strong breed, but there are health problems that most often occur in toys due to their small size. The greatest attention should be paid to the musculoskeletal system of these dogs.

Diseases of the musculoskeletal system of the terriers

The most frequent diseases in young toy terriers under the age of one year are manifested due to genetic abnormalities, as well as pathology associated with trauma.

Active small dogs often fall off the couch or jump from their arms and get fractures and sprains. So most often occurs dislocation of the humero-scapular joint, fracture of the bones of the forearm, condyle of the humerus, and metacarpal bones.

Moreover, even in the case of dislocation, an operation is required to install the prosthesis, and when a fracture is placed a needle. This is the only way to fully restore limb functions and remove lameness. For the prevention of such health problems that terriers should be protected from jumping from high places - more than half a meter.

The genetically determined anomaly of the toi is aseptic necrosis of the femoral head or Legg-Calve-Perthes disease, which is manifested by claudication to the hind legs. This disease develops in puppies from 6 to 9 months, but the symptoms appear in a one-year-old dog. If left untreated, the hind legs will atrophy.

Also genetically caused by such a pathology as medial dislocation of the knee cup. The dog limps and walks on bent limbs.

Neurological Diseases of Toy Terriers

Hydrocephalus in toya can be suspected by an increase in the skull, as well as a number of symptoms: circling, “stumbling” on objects, walking without a goal. It is treated only by surgery - ventriculo-peritoneal shunting.

A rather common diagnosis in dwarf breeds is atlantoaxial instability. This displacement of the first cervical vertebra relative to the second, which squeezes the spinal cord and the dog is in acute pain, its limbs stop moving. For treatment, an operation is performed to fusion the first and second vertebra.

Portosystemic anastomosis can occur at any age. It is caused by the presence of an abnormal vessel in the liver. As a result, the blood with toxic metabolic products flowing from the intestine, passes the liver, where it must be cleaned and immediately goes to the heart, and then to the brain. This leads to neurological disorders: lethargy, depression, refusal of food, convulsive seizures and even a coma. The treatment is carried out both by conservative methods: a special diet, medicines, and with the help of an operation.

Other terrier diseases

Pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas, which can develop due to improper feeding (too fatty foods, abrupt dietary changes), after removing a foreign object from the intestine, as a complication of cholecystitis or gastritis.

The dog may feel sick after eating, it may refuse to feed at all, whine while probing the abdomen, hunch back, it may have frequent loose stools with an unpleasant odor. The dog put dropper to eliminate electrolyte disorders and dehydration; administered antiemetic drugs and anesthesia.

Genetically the terriers are predisposed to eye diseases. In dogs older than 5 years, cataract and progressive retinal atrophy are found.

To be more confident in the health of the puppy and to reduce the diseases of the terriers to a minimum, it is worth buying it only in clubs from reliable breeders. Otherwise, there is a high risk of acquiring a nervous animal that will constantly tremble and is afraid of everyone.



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