Diabetes in dogs: what owners should know

Diabetes in dogs is most often seen in adults aged 7 to 9 years old and, as a rule, non-sterilized females get sick.

The most common cause of diabetes in dogs is a genetic predisposition. But the exact cause of its occurrence is still impossible to establish. There are only factors that can lead to disease. These factors are traditionally: overweight, pancreatitis, treatment with hormonal drugs, pregnancy and other hormonal disorders.

Symptoms of diabetes in dogs

They are associated with the processes that occur in the dog's body with diabetes. And one of the phenomena occurs: the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or the cells of the body do not perceive the insulin signal. In any case, the cells do not transfer glucose from the blood. The level of glucose in the blood remains very high. This is one of the main symptoms.

 

  • When the blood glucose level rises above a certain limit, the kidneys cannot cope with it, and the glucose goes out with urine. High urine glucose is the second serious symptom of diabetes in dogs.
  • From the blood, glucose "pulls out" the water and the dog begins to urinate a lot. At this time, the body is dehydrated, and the animal begins to drink more.
  • Since the cells cannot inject glucose inside, the body feels hungry and the dog begins to eat more than usual, but at the same time loses weight. It is in muscle and liver glycogen stores are not enough and the body begins to burn reserves of protein and fat.
  • High blood sugar adversely affects many systems: hind legs weaken, the lens of the eye grows turbid, and the animal is tormented by constant cystitis.
  • For the diagnosis requires a range of examinations.
  • It is worth sounding the alarm if the dog has an unstable gait, weakness, trembling, loss of consciousness, convulsions. With such symptoms, you must feed the animal, and if it refuses, smear sugar syrup, honey or glucose solution on the tongue and gums and contact the veterinarian immediately.

Treatment of diabetes in dogs

  • To overcome the lack of insulin in the body, it is administered from the outside. The dose depends on the weight of the animal and the choice of insulin: long, medium or short action.
  • At the same time, the animal constantly needs to be monitored by the attending physician, and regular follow-up examinations and laboratory tests are necessary.
  • Nutrition plays a crucial role in diabetes. Usually, immediately after a meal, glucose rises greatly in the blood, which creates an excessive burden on the body of a patient with diabetes. Therefore, in diabetes in dogs, the point of feeding is to ensure the slow flow of glucose into the blood from the feed.
  • This is achieved by the selection of special sources of dietary fiber in the right proportion. Also, the feed should be low-calorie and contain enough protein. It is best to choose a special medicinal dog food. Time and frequency of feeding are selected individually. The amount of feed is selected so that the animal remains thin. Completeness aggravates diabetes.

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