Stroke is a serious neurological disease that affects not only humans, but also dogs. Especially, representatives of large breeds living in cities.
Causes of disease
The main causes of the disease can be severe stress, neurological disorders and injuries affecting the brain. Also in dogs, stroke is caused by a malfunction of the brain as a result of blockage of blood vessels, the formation of blood clots or heart disease. Stroke is embolic, ischemic, occlusive, and hemorrhagic. By severity is classified into: small focal, point, multiple and extensive.
Symptoms and signs of stroke in dogs
- First of all, the pet's behavior changes dramatically, it can be hyper-excited or, on the contrary, depressed.
- Possible impairment of vision and respiration.
- Depending on the degree of brain damage on one side of the body, muscle weakness may occur, and the pet will be rolled into a ring.
- Also, the dog can spin in one place, stagger when walking, there are often epileptic signs, in the most severe cases a coma can occur: the dog falls on one side and lies with glass-eyed eyes.
A stroke in dogs can occur at any time and can be easily missed or confused with some other disease (epilepsy) with not very pronounced symptoms. Therefore, it is better not to wait for more vivid symptoms and urgently contact the veterinarian or call the veterinarian to the house.
The diagnosis is made on the basis of clinical analyzes of urine and blood, x-rays and pulmonary ultrasound, as well as EEG and tomograms of the brain.
Treatment of stroke in dogs
In dogs, the treatment of stroke occurs gradually and is carried out in several stages:
- First aid is urgently provided, especially for extensive strokes.
- After prescribing a course of treatment, which consists of drug therapy.
- It includes vascular and heart, nootropic drugs, the use of anticonvulsants, tranquilizers, antispasmodics, antioxidants, and support in the form of vitamins.
- A stroke treatment can take up to 6 weeks or more.
After a stroke in dogs, the musculoskeletal system may be impaired, partial or complete paralysis, which require rehabilitation therapy. Therefore, in parallel with the treatment and after it, restorative therapy based on massage sessions will be needed, which will help the dog recover faster.
In order to prevent a stroke in a dog, it is recommended to organize a measured regimen, in which the dog will be provided with proper rest, sufficient exercise and a proper diet. It is also important to avoid stressful situations.