Required skills for dogs of all kind and purposes

At the request of the owner, the following skills can be introduced: landing, stacking, stand, feeding a head on command, aportiment of objects, returning to the place, guarding things, swimming, indifferent attitude to shots, crawling.

If in your view the ideal of a dog is a being calmly lying in place and which you can use from time to time, then it is better to get a car.

Required skills for dogs:

  • knowledge of the owner and his nickname;
  • trouble-free approach to the host team;
  • training for equipment, free standing;
  • execution of prohibiting commands;
  • movement near the owner;
  • refusal of food offered by unauthorized persons or found by chance.

Skills and habits

Behavior, above all, is the visible reactions and actions of the dog. The reason for any behavior is the appearance of any need for a dog.

In the process of training, the owner himself creates in the dog the need he needs, and he himself offers her a way to satisfy this need. Example: for training dogs in various techniques (boarding, laying, etc.) you can use its desire to get a treat. To do this, the dog is not fed before classes, in the process of the lesson, according to a certain method, they are trained in planting, etc., they are encouraged with a delicacy for correct performance, that is, they satisfy the dog's nutritional need.

The fact of satisfying the need (reinforcement of the reflex) is perceived by the dog positively and contributes to the consolidation in the memory of the action that led to it. If an action is repeated many times, it is memorized, easily invoked by a team and reproduced regardless of various conditions, that is, it becomes a skill. For example, a dog alone and hunger-on. Exit - an independent search for food to meet hunger. If the food is not carefully cleaned, the dog finds it and eats it. This positive search result at the same time becomes a reinforcement to the method (search) with which the dog found food.

Do not exactly remove the shoes 2-3 times - the skill of uniforming shoes is ready. Variable (probabilistic) support. Your puppy is a beggar. In the process of eating, you do not feed the puppy at the table, but in your absence, the rest of your family willingly does it. Skill can be worked out without tension, reinforcing positively every third attempt. In order to repay the skills developed with the help of probabilistic reinforcement, greater efforts will be needed compared to the skills that were developed with the help of constant reinforcement.

Habits are different from skills. If a dog is used as a means of achieving a goal, habits are for themselves. When a dog is lonely alone, and its basic needs are satisfied, then habits are formed, just because there is nothing to do, so that time alone goes faster. Repeatedly repeated, habits become a prerequisite for spending free time. Exit - the formation of other habits.

Habits are very difficult to fight, as they all lead to positive emotions in co-packs. And the need for positive emotions in living organisms is one of the main ones.

A common mistake of beginner trainers is late education. But conditioned reflections are formed in the puppy immediately after birth! When we start raising a puppy, he already has a few skills in stock, and maybe habits.

Why is the negative behavior developed quickly enough, and eliminated with great difficulty? The fact is that learning in young dogs occurs by the type of imprinting (imprinting), which is characterized by extreme speed and fixation of the results in memory easily and for a long time. Re-education also requires perseverance, consistency, patience and stubbornness from the side of the trainer.



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