Stomach ulcers in a dog are not a frequent occurrence. As a rule, they are only a symptomatic manifestation of other diseases.
For example, there are cases when an ulcer developed in pancreatic tumors, chronic pancreatitis, chronic and acute circulatory disorders (dyscirculatory hypoxic ulcers), as a result of drug treatment, and endogenous and exogenous intoxication (toxic ulcers).
Symptoms of ulcers in dogs
The peculiarity of this disease is that it can persist for a long time without any special symptoms, and it remains unnoticed. An ulcer is already detected due to complications: peritonitis caused by perforation of the stomach wall or gastrointestinal arrosive bleeding.
In such situations, the state of the animal suddenly changes. Anemia and weakness are growing rapidly, the animal groans heavily. If the animal has gastrointestinal bleeding, diarrhea develops and the "coffee grounds" vomit begins. The chair is granular, fluid, tarry (melena).
Emetic and fecal masses with arrosive bleeding have a specific character due to the content in them of sulphite and hydrochloric acid hematin.
It is for these signs that arrosive bleeding differs from those that occur during poisoning, hemorrhagic diathesis, uremia, sepsis, infectious diseases (infectious hepatitis, plague, leptospirosis, parvovirus enteritis). They are characterized by the appearance in the emetic and fecal masses of pure blood.
If it came to bleeding, then with such complicated stomach ulcers, the prognosis is poor and the animal dies.
Canine ulcer treatment
The ulcer is not easy to diagnose and there is a high probability of an error in diagnosis, which can lead to disastrous consequences. Due to the high probability of an error in the diagnosis, the ulcer in dogs is treated only by conservative methods.
In case of bleeding, intravenous drip infusion of plasma-substituting solutions is carried out immediately, and hemostatic, antispasmodic and anesthetic agents (dicinone, calcium chloride) are also administered. Next, apply antibiotics and corticosteroid hormones.
If there is only a suspicion of an ulcer, then it is worth taking preventive measures: