Infectious hepatitis in dogs or jaundice is an acute viral disease characterized by fever, catarrhal inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract and mucous membranes of the respiratory tract, as well as pronounced damage to the liver and central nervous system.
The disease is caused by a virus of the genus Mastadenoviras, capable of maintaining activity at room temperature for 2-3 months. A dog of any breed and age can get sick. However, most often sick puppies aged 2-6 months.
Hepatitis can be transmitted by contact from a sick animal (with eye and nasal mucus, feces, urine), or through feed or water.
Symptoms of hepatitis in dogs
The symptoms and course of the disease depend on its form. In acute form the dog is depressed, refuses to feed, its temperature is 41 degrees. The most characteristic signs of infectious hepatitis are:
- frequent vomiting with bile
- increased thirst
- acute gastroenteritis
- the yellowness of the proteins of the eyes, mucous membranes
- feces whitish color
- dark urine
- keratitis and acute viral tonsillitis (inflammation of the tonsils)
An important sign of hepatitis in dogs is a pronounced tenderness of the liver during palpation. It is because of the pain of the liver that dogs often sit with their front legs wider.
Also, sick animals appear serious disorders of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems. Pulse rapid and often arrhythmic; shortness of breath, heavy.
Often there is itching of the skin and the dog severely combs the areas on the body. Mucous membranes and unstained areas of skin turn yellow. The dog loses weight dramatically. Puppies are frequent paralysis and cramping of the limbs.
In the subacute and chronic course of the disease, these symptoms are less pronounced.
If you suspect hepatitis to establish an accurate diagnosis, an urgent need to investigate the blood of a sick dog.
Hepatitis treatment in dogs
With such serious symptoms, you cannot self-medicate and urgently need to consult a veterinarian.