Chihuahua gives the impression of a gentle baby. However, this is a false impression. This is a very ancient and strong breed of dogs and, with proper care, it rarely has serious chronic diseases.
The most common diseases of Chihuahua include: hypoglycemia, mitral dysplasia of the heart, hydrocephalus, pulmonary stenosis, demodicosis, urolithiasis, epilepsy, undescended testicular cable, rheumatism of the bones, traumatic dislocation of the patella, progressive atrophy of the retina, childbirth and problems with teeth and gums.
Symptoms and signs of Chihuahua disease
To notice that the dog is not healthy, you need to look at its external reactions.
These signs are:
- lack of appetite for 1-2 days,
- temperature rise,
- weight loss or excess
- uncontrolled urination,
- the presence of parasites
- discharge from the nose and eyes, etc.
If there are such signs of ill health, the animal must be shown to the veterinarian. Only a specialist must accurately diagnose and prescribe the appropriate treatment.
Prevention and other diseases of the Chihuahua
It is necessary to closely monitor the chihuahua walking, so that in the cold season the dog does not overcool. Because as a result of the running ARD, the animal may develop intractable pulmonary diseases. Therefore, if a dog coughs, sneezes, it has watery eyes and an appetite is lost, it needs urgent treatment.
In old age, heart failure can be observed in dogs of this breed and it usually ends in death. The symptoms of this dangerous disease are coughing and shortness of breath, in the later stages blueing of the tongue and gums, intermittent shallow breathing.
Loss of appetite and diarrhea in dogs are the first signs of disease of the digestive system. Moreover, the cause of the disease can be not only malnutrition, but also hypothermia. First, the dog is cleaned gastrointestinal tract, and then taken for treatment. For cleaning, it is forced to drink a spoonful of castor oil forcibly. Strong tea or a weak solution of potassium permanganate is poured into the drinking bowl with water for the duration of the treatment.
Long treated in Chihuahua demodicosis, which is caused by scabies mites. This is an infectious disease, as a result of which the dog has hair loss, itching is severe, the appetite disappears, and wounds appear on the body. This disease is dangerous for humans, therefore, requires urgent treatment and preventive measures in the house. It is necessary to carry out general cleaning, burn or disinfect the litter.
Chihuahua breed dogs are the only ones born with an underdeveloped skull. Only by 3-4 months is its final formation. Because of this physiological characteristic, these animals are prone to hydrocephalus.
The most common diseases in the chihuahua of the oral cavity are pulpitis, caries, tartar, retention cysts, periodontitis, and mandibular fractures also occur. Therefore, you need from an early age to care for the teeth of this dog.
Newborn puppies often have hypoglycemia, and care should be taken to ensure that they have enough mother's milk and the puppies do not remain hungry. The fact is that because of hunger, the level of sugar in the blood decreases, which can lead to a hypoglycemic attack. This disease can occur due to stress associated, for example, with the puppy moving to a new place of residence or weaning of the mother.