Symptoms and treatment of urolithiasis in dogs

Urolithiasis in dogs is the formation of stones (uroliths) in the urethra, which are more often found in the bladder.

Most often, uroliths consist of calcium ammonium phosphate (the mineral struvite) and can be quite large.

Uroliths are formed under the influence of a number of factors: the content of certain salts, which dissolve in the urine, as well as the presence of substances that crystallize these salts. Bladder stones are retained due to contamination of the aisles. The occurrence of uroliths struvite composition is most often associated with a special infection.

Symptoms of urolithiasis in dogs

  • First of all, males have difficulty urinating with a blocked urethra. The animal is increasingly trying to get rid of urine, while it can moan.
  • Blood may appear in the urine, and the dog experiences marked discomfort, especially in the final stages of urination.
  • Also, the animal may increase body temperature.

A dog of any age can get sick, although dogs from 4 to 6 years old are most often affected. Cables have a twice higher risk of disease than bitches. There are pedigree features. For example, dachshunds, miniature poodles, Cocker Spaniels, Dalmatians, Dachunds, Shih Tzu and Yorkshire Terriers are more common in other breeds. Very rarely, bladder stones are formed in shepherd dogs, boxers, and collie.

If you do not seek help in time, the stones will grow too large, may block the urinary tract and, as a result, cause acute renal failure.

Treatment of urolithiasis in dogs

Diagnosis and treatment should be carried out only by a doctor. He can detect a big stone even by simple probing. Also, with the help of a catheter, the doctor will check whether the urinary tract is blocked and take a urine test.

You may need an abdominal ultrasound scan, x-ray examination of the bladder and the entire system. This is necessary to determine the type of urolith.

Methods of treating urolithiasis in dogs depend on the size, type of stone and the position it occupies.

  • In general, it consists in the surgical removal of cystitis and oxalate stones. When the urinary canal is completely blocked in males, an alternative canal for urine outflow is organized.
  • Sometimes males are washed in ways to push the stone into the bladder, from where it is much easier to extract.
  • Also, urates and struvites can be dissolved with a special diet or drugs.
  • If the disease is accompanied by infection, antibiotics are often used.

After treatment, further prevention is very important: a lot of drinking and regular walking, an increase in physical activity of the dog and weight loss.

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