Dysbacteriosis is a change in the composition of the microflora that populates the mouth, intestines, stomach, upper respiratory tract and other organs, and even the skin of an animal.
Under the influence of various factors in dysbacteriosis in dogs, the microflora that colonizes an organ in a normal state decreases or disappears. But it is being replaced by another, not typical for this organ.
Native microflora protects its organ from the penetration and reproduction of pathogenic microbes. It also participates in many processes of the body, for example, in the biosynthesis of certain vitamins.
Causes of dysbiosis in dogs
The emergence of dysbiosis contributes to adverse environmental background, stress, illness, as well as the use of certain drugs, such as antibiotics.
Antibiotics often destroy the normal microflora that is sensitive to this drug, and it is replaced by the pathogenic microflora that is uncharacteristic of the organism and resistant to the antibiotic - proteus, fungi, staphylococcus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, etc. .
Symptoms of dysbiosis in dogs
- First of all, appetite decreases or disappears altogether.
- The condition of the dog is depressed and depressed, it hardly and reluctantly rises from the litter.
- Often, this condition is accompanied by diarrhea, possibly with admixture of blood.
If you do not take timely measures and continue treatment with antibiotics, the disease dysbacteriosis in dogs progresses and may even lead the animal to death.
In connection with the development of pathogenic flora, various kinds of inflammation occur. In this case, a sharp decrease in immunity can lead to infection of the body by microorganisms that are inside it and, under the influence of various factors, acquire pathogenic properties.
Treatment of dysbiosis in dogs
Since this disease is often accompanied by diseases of the digestive organs, respiration, and skin, its treatment must be comprehensive.
Primarily used probiotics - drugs that are released from the intestines of newborn animals. These are living microorganisms (lactic acid and bifidobacteria) - environmentally friendly and completely harmless.
Probiotics displace pathogens from the intestines and colonize them with positive types of bacteria. When settling the gastrointestinal tract such vitamins as B1, B2 and K, as well as acetic and lactic acids are formed. The acidic environment helps better absorption of vitamins, fats, calcium, iron and inhibits the development of pathogenic microflora.