The Pekingese are small but fairly healthy dogs. Although they have several diseases, it is most common in this breed.
Diseases of intervertebral discs are peculiar to the Pekingese, like many short-legged dogs. One of the most serious diseases is a herniated disc, which can even lead to paralysis. If the dog lies for a long time, hardly gets up and moves, it hurts when it is touched to its back and you need to contact a veterinarian as soon as possible. The former activity of the dog will help return or surgical or conservative treatment.
Pekingese poorly tolerate both heat and cold due to a peculiar flattened nose. Its structure complicates proper breathing, at the same time making the respiratory organs less protected from external influence. Therefore, in winter, a long walk is fraught with Pekingese respiratory diseases: laryngitis, bronchitis, pharyngitis and others. In the summer, the dog must always have access to drinking water to avoid overheating.
With age, Pekingese can develop various heart diseases, heart valves most often suffer, and a ventricular septum defect is not uncommon.
A rather frequent disease of the Pekingese is nosebleeds. It can be caused by hypertension, trauma, hemorrhagic diathesis, surgery, viral and bacterial infections, low blood pressure and even parasites. The nose of the animal must be instilled with special solutions of adrenaline, naphthizine, methazone and hydrogen peroxide.
It is not uncommon for the Pekingese perianal gland adenoma, urolithiasis and dental problems. Due to the long hair on the ears, the ear canal is poorly ventilated, and infectious diseases of the ears can occur. To minimize the risk, you need to regularly clean your Pekingese ears.
Eye diseases in Pekingese
The most vulnerable body of the Pekingese are their big eyes. The Pekingese almost flat front of the head, and the orbit of the eye is shallow and therefore dogs often injure the eyeball. Therefore, if the dog squints his eye and is scratched, it is always necessary to have levomycetinum eye drops or an aqueous solution of penicillin on hand.
However, in addition to injuries, Pekinese eyes are subject to such diseases as corneal ulcer, cataract, ectropion, century reversal. In order to avoid the tear paths to appear around the Pekingese eyes, periodically wipe with a cotton swab dipped in a special lotion.
Sometimes, as a result of a blow to the head in dogs of this breed, an eyeball can fall out. In such a situation, it is necessary to quickly take a gauze or cotton cloth, moisten it abundantly with saline (0.9% sodium chloride solution) and carefully apply it to a dropped eyeball. In this form, the animal must be urgently delivered to a veterinary clinic, on the way, additionally wetting a napkin. This will not allow the cornea to dry out and will give a chance for the restoration of visual functions with a fixed eyeball.