How to treat osteochondrosis in dogs?

Osteochondrosis is a complex pathology associated with impaired cartilage mineralization. This disease can affect any dog, but most often it is subject to fast-growing puppies of large breed dogs.

This occurs when the weight of the young exceeds the stability of developing limbs to rapidly growing loads. For example, in Central Asian and Caucasian shepherd dogs, osteochondrosis is about 28%.

A close relationship has been observed between the weight of the parents and the frequency of manifestation of this pathology in puppies. The larger the parents (more than 80 kg), the more often the disease appears in their offspring - up to 35% of cases.

Symptoms of osteochondrosis in dogs

  • The first signs become noticeable by about 3-5 months, and the disease develops up to 14 months of age. The puppy starts to drag the paws with a strong displacement of the center of gravity on the chest. As a result, wide-bruising develops, the front paws are constantly staying with divorced elbows, the croup is strongly mowed, the loins are shortened, the hind legs are set straight. The muscles of the hind limbs gradually atrophy, the kyphosis (spinal curvature) partially develops.
  • The dog keeps its hind paws constantly with the knee extended and this ultimately leads to a dislocation of the patella. Puppies with dislocation of the last degrees can have an abnormal gait from the moment they started walking. And lameness can periodically manifest itself throughout life.
  • In many dogs, the disease is not noticeable, because it does not feel pain.
  • Some animals begin to drag a limb unexpectedly, occasionally ceasing to limp.

Treatment of osteochondrosis in dogs

In many ways, treatment depends on the stage of the disease. Initially, at a very early stage, dietary therapy with dietary foods, increasing physical activity during walks and a course of lincomycin for 10-14 days 3 times a day at 50 mg / kg are important. If the situation is already running, corrective surgery is necessary. Its purpose is to correct the mechanism of the quadriceps and ensure the stability of the patella.

Necessary and postoperative treatment. It often comes down to intra-arterial injections of bitsillin with prednisone. Also for 10-14 days, the hock and knee joints are immobilized with the Emeré loop.

During the rehabilitation period, the feed ration is corrected, reducing its caloric content and protein content, as well as prescribing a metered load.

With the first degree of the disease after 6 months of treatment, the symptoms of the disease disappear in 43%, and with the second degree in 55% of cases. In the third degree of the disease, after a corrective operation, the functions of the limb are restored in three months in 88% of patients.



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