How to treat a fistula in a dog?

A fistula is a narrow opening, an unnatural pathological canal that releases a purulent fluid. It may be internal or external wound.

In some cases, it is a protective property of the organism, in which the fluid contained in it does not go outside and thus prevents the spread of infection to neighboring tissues.

Types of fistula in a dog

A dog can have a fistula of two types: congenital and acquired. Congenital fistula is an abnormality of fetal development. The second type is acquired as a result of bone fractures, migration of parasite larvae, the introduction of foreign bodies, presence of suture material in the tissues, and a gunshot wound.

When a foreign body penetrates the tissue, an inflammatory process occurs, the connective tissue expands and an encapsulation of the foreign object occurs.

Also in dogs it is not uncommon parorectal fistula, which occurs in connection with the blockage and inflammation of the paraanal glands.

Symptoms of fistula

If the dog has an external type of fistulathen the first symptom is a hardening of the skin in the affected area, and after a breakthrough - the discharge of foul-smelling exudate from the fistulous openings. The dog is behaving restlessly, licking a painful place.

If the fistula is internal, it can only be detected by the results of sensing and X-ray. The dog looks lethargic, has no appetite, its body temperature rises. First you need to contact the veterinary clinic and pass a general analysis.

Treatment of fistula in dogs

  • Prescribe treatment should only be a veterinarian, since the consequences of self-treatment can be very deplorable. In advanced cases, the disease is complicated by paresis of the nerve trunks of the extremities. Sepsis may also occur.
  • Fistulas of congenital origin are treated only with the help of surgery. Acquired are treated depending on the type of disease. If the cause was a foreign body, it is removed.
  • A purulent fistula is treated with ointments, disinfecting solutions, antibiotics, enzymes, local blockades and even herbal tinctures. But it should be a whole range of measures.
  • The postoperative period requires special attention to superimposed seams, because in time unprotected and untreated wounds can inflame and easily perceive the infection. In such cases, prevention should be carried out only by a specialist.
  • On the mucous membrane, the lesions are treated with an aqueous solution of sodium, an alcoholic solution of iodine, and a solution of furatsilina. With obvious inflammation and strong anxiety of the animal, antibacterial drugs and antibiotics are used. Also prescribed blood transfusion (hemotherapy) and Novocain blockade, which relieves pain and severe irritation.

It is especially difficult to treat the fistula affecting the internal organs and the through, as well as the holes hidden in the fat or subcutaneous folds. In such cases, only surgical intervention is prescribed.

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