How to treat jaundice in dogs?

Jaundice in dogs (icterus) is not an independent disease. This is a symptom characteristic of several diseases, such as different types of hepatitis (viral, toxic, allergic), babesiosis, pyroplasmosis, opisthorchiasis, poisoning by hemolytic poisons, metrorhoz, leptospirosis and listeriosis, as well as cholecystitis and gallstone disease.

This is a very dangerous disease and therefore, with the appearance of jaundice, it is necessary to consult a veterinarian.

Signs of

  • With jaundice, the skin, mucous membranes and sclera are stained yellow (orange-yellow or lemon) due to a sharp increase in the blood bilirubin concentration.
  • The first, as a rule, noticeably yellow eyeballs and eyelids, a little later - the skin of the auricles and the underbelly. Urine becomes brownish-yellow, and with the development of the disease darkens to the color of malt beer.
  • Also, the animal appears signs of poisoning: weakening, lack of appetite, blurred consciousness, diarrhea, vomiting in a dog, sometimes, on the contrary - constipation.

In addition, there are symptoms of the underlying disease, which was the cause of jaundice.

Causes of jaundice in dogs

This symptom develops due to blockage of the bile ducts or damage to liver cells. The capture, conjugation and excretion of bilirubin by the liver is impaired, and it becomes too much due to hemolysis. Bile pigments accumulate in the blood, which are partially excreted in the urine, but some of them remain in the tissues.

Rarely occurs jaundice as a result of the breakdown of red blood cells caused by the influence of poisons.

Treatment of jaundice in dogs

First of all, for jaundice, it is necessary to diagnose the underlying disease and treat it by contacting the veterinary clinic.

  • However, in addition, it is important to observe a special diet, sparing the liver. When it fats and protein (meat) is significantly limited (no more than 17%) and replaced with food rich in carbohydrates (cereals, cereal soups). Glucose must be added to water or food. For the liver it is an important source of energy. You can enter and intravenously. Showing vitamins for dogs B1, B6, B12 and E.
  • Also added to food is choleretic Carlevard salt, which also regulates the function of the gastrointestinal tract.
  • If the animal is obese, it reduces the overall caloric intake.
  • You need to give plenty of drink with decoctions of juniper berries and peppermint. They facilitate the removal of bile pigments with urine.
  • It is good to make warm compresses on the liver area, if, of course, the pet allows.
  • The animal needs rest, therefore it is important to limit the load and to refuse from sports activities.

Symptomatic therapy involves the use of diuretics and antihistamines, glucocorticoids, LIV-52, vitohepat, syrepar, lipamide, vikasol, Essentiale, ascorbic acid. With vomiting, atropine sulfate or metoclopramide should be given.

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