How to treat adenovirosis in dogs?

Adenovirosis in dogs (infectious cough or infectious tracheobronchitis, infectious laryngotracheitis) is a contagious respiratory disease, one of the causative agents of which are adenoviruses of 1-2 types.

Adenoviridae DNA-containing virus is stable in the environment and at room temperature in the secretions of sick animals retains its activity for up to 2-3 months.

Most often, an infectious tracheobronchitis occurs in places where dogs gather: a walking ground, kennels, exhibitions, pet stores. Adenovirosis is transmitted from a sick dog, as well as wolves, foxes, arctic foxes. The virus is transmitted by airborne droplets as well as by licking.

A dog can get sick at any age, but puppies between the ages of one and a half to six months are especially hard on the disease. Stimulate the development of the disease chronic bronchitis in dogs and congenital anomalies of the respiratory system.

Epizootia is observed in the spring-summer period, when puppies are especially born.

Symptoms of adenovirosis in dogs

Symptomatology significantly depends on the age of the dog and the degree of damage to its respiratory system.

  • Sometimes the disease can only be suspected by coughing.
  • There are also cases of severe, life-threatening pneumonia.
  • Cough in dogs appears after contact with the pathogen after four days. It can be wet or dry, soft or barking, rough. May be accompanied by vomiting, sputum. There is more cough after physical exertion, agitation, changes in humidity or air temperature, pressure in the trachea.
  • With a more severe form of adenovirosis in dogs, fever is possible with an increase in body temperature of up to 39-40 degrees, a wet cough, and anorexia. Drowsiness, nasal discharge, shortness of breath, decreased activity may occur. Sometimes bronchial breathing is heard, rales are less common.

It is clinically impossible to establish the type of pathogen, therefore the diagnosis is made according to anamnesis, information about the absence of vaccinations, other research methods: chest x-ray, bronchoscopy.

Most often two-three-month-old puppies die.

Treatment of adenovirosis in dogs

If the disease is uneventful, it is treated on an outpatient basis. However, with the development of pneumonia and other complications, it is necessary to apply to the 24-hour veterinary clinic and hospitalize the dog with isolation from other animals. Your pet needs complete peace and good nutrition.
How to treat adenovirosis in dogs?

  • In the absence of complications, treatment begins with amoxicillin and amoxiclav.
  • Antibiotics are effective in complicated cases: 1st generation cephalosporins, gentamicin or enrofloxacin
  • Assign an isotonic solution of sodium chloride and steam inhalation.
  • To restore immunity, gallum, roncoleukin and other immunomodulators are used. Cough softened by mucolytic agents (Bromhexine)
  • Medicines are used for at least 10 days, until complete disappearance of signs of pneumonia on X-rays.
  • An uncomplicated disease with proper therapy is completed in two weeks, severe tracheobronchitis can last up to five weeks
  • X-ray examination of the chest should be repeated 14 days after the disappearance of clinical signs

Even 2-3 months after the symptoms disappear, the dog remains a carrier of the virus and can be dangerous to other animals. In addition, immunity in animals that have recovered is unstable, and during life the dog may repeatedly suffer from adenovirosis.

Effective prevention is the annual vaccination of animals against adenovirosis.

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