Recently, veterinarians have noted that vitamin deficiency in dogs is becoming more common. What does a pet need to be happy? All sorts of differences. Good owner, delicious food, a couple of favorite toys.
And its owner will add that the most important thing is for the pet to be healthy. After all, without this, no toys will not please him!
Symptoms of Avitaminosis in Dogs
Canine healthy lifestyle is very different from the human, but in some ways similar. For example, almost all people take vitamins, taking care of their health and avoiding beriberi in the offseason - the same is required of their pets. Lack of vitamins in dogs can be expressed in the form of hypovitaminosis and avitaminosis.
Avitaminosis - an acute lack of any vitamin. Each of avitaminosis has its own signs. But all are treated the same way - taking in deficient vitamin. Hypovitaminosis is an easier stage of beriberi. It is more easily tolerated and treated, but more difficult to diagnose, since it does not have such severe symptoms.
The main danger of hypovitaminosis is not so much in the lack of vitamins, as in the general weakness of the body. Animals suffering from hypovitaminosis are more likely to get sick or to get vitamin deficiency. Most of all, young animals, pregnant or lactating, as well as pets already weakened by an illness, suffer from vitamin deficiencies. So how does the lack of different vitamins affect the body of an animal?
Lack of this vitamin can spoil the appetite, and at the same time and add problems with the stomach. In small animals, problems begin with the growth and change of milk teeth. Total apathy, lethargy and faded eyes complete the picture.
To combat the lack of vitamin A can be with the help of good old fish oil. And this vitamin is contained in egg yolk, beef liver and butter. So if a dog begs for a piece of butter, perhaps it just feels that it lacks vitamins.
Vitamins of group B
This large group affects the appearance of animals. With vitamin deficiency wool becomes faded, rolls and falls. Also, these vitamins affect metabolism and hemoglobin levels in the blood. Their lack leads to diseases of the nervous system, which is manifested in the following symptoms: the animal loses weight, its gait becomes uneven, staggering, convulsions may begin.
Group B vitamins are rich in the liver, kidneys, and heart. So it makes sense to offer a pet to become a heartthrob.
The most pleasant for a person, because he is associated with sweet oranges. But getting a cat or dog to eat citrus is problematic. A lack of this vitamin can badly affect the functioning of the liver and gastrointestinal tract. Vitamin C deficiency is usually manifested in swelling of the gums and redness of the mouth. So you have to dilute the pet menu with dairy products, carrots and lettuce. Or just add a little bit of ascorbic acid in the usual food.
"Sunny" vitamin is produced in the body when exposed to UV rays. Therefore, in the spring after a long winter sun starvation, this vitamin is not enough for almost everyone. The worst of all young animals - vitamin D is responsible for the musculoskeletal system. Therefore, a growing body needs it most strongly. In its absence, dogs develop rachitis and diseases of the skeletal system.
The first sign of beriberi is a drastic change in taste preferences. If the dog exchanged favorite food for much less tasty and healthy lime and earth, then it’s time to go to the doctor. Avitaminosis is treated with sunbathing and ultraviolet training. In the food, veterinarians recommend adding phosphorus salts, meat and bone meal, and ground egg shells. There is also a lot of vitamin D in beef liver, dairy products and chicken eggs.
The most symbolic vitamin - it resists aging and is responsible for the reproductive system. Its shortage can provoke the development of infertility. So especially this vitamin is needed if the pet should become a parent.
Vitamin E is found in wheat germ and vegetable oil. Although how to convince a pet to eat wheat germ is a big question ...
The basis of life is blood. Vitamin K is responsible for the most valuable fluid in the body. In its absence, the blood coagulates poorly. As a result, any, even insignificant, wound leads to a large blood loss. To prevent this from happening, the pet needs to instill a love of greens and fish meal.
What is important to remember?
Hypervitaminosis, that is, an excess of vitamin, can also harm. So, every spring and autumn our shaggy and tailed pets experience a lack of vitamins. And to a greater extent this applies to those animals that receive natural nutrition. The fact is that manufacturers usually add vitamin supplements to the purchased feed.
If a special food is prepared for a pet, then the owner should carefully consider the menu. And in the offseason, add special vitamins for dogs to the menu. A veterinarian will help you find them. Do not try to self-diagnose avitaminosis in an animal. This task, as well as the choice of treatment, can be managed only by a qualified doctor.