Antibiotics are used to combat pathogenic bacteria and fungi in dogs.
Antibiotics themselves are also made from bacteria that counteract other harmful bacteria and effectively fight off various infections. They have the ability to produce nutrients, for example, the synthesis of vitamin K, which is necessary for blood clotting.
Antibiotics are divided into two categories. The first is bacteriostatic and fungistatic. They do not kill microorganisms, but only stop their reproduction and growth. The second category - bactericidal antibiotics - completely destroying microorganisms, which are then removed from the body.
Kinds of antibiotics for dogs
For the treatment of dogs used several types of antibiotics. Most often these are drugs of penicillin or cephalosporin class. As a rule, pet veterinarians recommend amoxicillin, gentamicin, cephalexin or sulfametox.
Amoxicillin belongs to the penicillin class and is used to treat a wide range of infections in dogs. These are skin diseases, respiratory or gastrointestinal infections, dental abscesses, infected wounds, urinary tract infections. This medicine is often prescribed by a veterinarian, as it causes minimal side effects. This may be diarrhea, nausea, changes in behavior. But they happen quite rarely.
However, some dogs on amoxicillin are allergic, so the owner needs to closely monitor the appearance of any skin rash and other allergic reactions in the pet.
Gentamicin belongs to the class of cephalosporin and is recommended for use in open infected wounds, as well as eye and ear infections. This medicine is usually used to treat dogs in the form of a spray or ointment, because in the form of tablets it can cause serious side effects in an animal, especially when overdosing. Hearing loss or blindness may occur.
Cephalexin is similar to penicillin and therefore can be used to treat infections from a wide variety of diseases. Especially this antibiotic is effective against bacterial infections in bones or damaged areas of the skin, as well as for the treatment of respiratory infections and diseases of the bladder, as well as the excretory system.
From cephalexin possible side effects such as diarrhea, vomiting in dogs, abdominal pain. If the antibiotic is applied as an ointment, skin irritation is possible.
Sulfamethox is most often recommended for urinary, respiratory, and gastrointestinal infections, as well as for cystitis. This medication also has side effects like diarrhea in dogs, nausea, and lack of appetite. Dehydration is also possible, and therefore the dog should always have water.
Danger of using antibiotics
As a rule, antibiotics are prescribed for no more than ten days, since their prolonged use can cause serious harm to health.
In addition, antibiotics for dogs must be used in strict accordance with the disease and subject to strict dosage, which is calculated based on the weight of the animal.
Antibiotics prescribed to humans should not be given to the dog, since dog's medicine has a special formula. Human antibiotics are too large a dose for a dog that can become poisonous for a small pet.