What are the symptoms and treatment of tuberculosis in dogs?

Tuberculosis is a very dangerous and contagious disease. A dog can infect humans (especially children) and other animals with tuberculosis.

Therefore, at the slightest suspicion, the sick animal should be removed from common housing. At the same time, it was proved that in two thirds of the cases, the dogs become infected from the owner, who has an open form of tuberculosis. Most often in dogs, the disease affects the lungs, but the liver, kidneys, spleen, intestines, and even the heart are also involved in the disease process.

Symptoms of the disease

Since many lymph nodes are affected in a patient with animal tuberculosis, one of the first signs is a marked increase in the submandibular lymph nodes.

  • Also in these places on the skin may occur abscesses, ulcers, fistulas.
  • Pet loses weight much, its hair is ruffled.
  • In the chronic course of the disease, extensive lesions of the respiratory, urogenital, digestive and other body systems often occur.
  • The dog sleeps a lot, looks tired, it has a long cough, shortness of breath, general depression, copious discharge from the nose.

However, there is also a latent course of tuberculosis, which is not clinically manifest. Install it only during radiographic examination. If you suspect tuberculosis, any dog ​​is sent to x-rays. They also carry out tuberculinization — dry tuberculin is injected into the dog subcutaneously and after two days the reaction of the body is evaluated.

If no allergic reaction has occurred, the animal is infected.

Stages of tuberculosis and ways of infection

This is a very dangerous disease that is very contagious. It takes a long time, sometimes for several years. At first, its course is hidden, then the prolonged onset of the disease lasts, then its full swing and attenuation.

While the disease period is latent, the causative agent of tuberculosis is not released into the environment. It begins to spread only at the initial period of the disease.

In the midst of the disease, infectiousness reaches its peak and the maximum of the causative agent of tuberculosis is released into the environment. Tuberculosis can spread through the aerogenic route, that is, through droplets of sputum, which, when coughed, are released from the respiratory system.

These droplets with air flow into the respiratory organs of a healthy animal, and also settle on different objects. Then, dried droplets of dust rise into the air and can get into the lungs of other animals, onto the skin (contact path), into water or feed (alimentary path), and from there into the digestive tract.

Treatment: what pills to give the dog for tuberculosis

Many veterinarians believe that the pet, a patient with tuberculosis, is meaningless to treat and advise the dog to immediately put to sleep. But first you need to properly check the diagnosis.

When confirming a diagnosis, often combined regimens of antibiotics and other drugs are used, for example:

  1. rifampicin
  2. streptomycin,
  3. isoniazid

The difficulty of treating tuberculosis lies in the fact that such antibiotic treatment is very long (1-2 years) and is possible only at the very initial stages. At the same time, the organism of an animal, which is subject to constant exposure to strong antibiotics, must be supported by drugs. Their task is to reduce this harm: with vitamins and minerals, it is good to feed them with fresh products.

In the same long period, the animal must be isolated from people and other animals until full recovery.

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