What are growths in dogs?

Anger in a dog is quite common. They can be completely harmless or very dangerous, so you should regularly inspect the dog and if you find unknown growths, examine it in a veterinary clinic.

Types of growths in dogs

In young animals, they mostly appear on the paw, skin, ear, eye, mouth, on the inside of the cheeks, on the tongue, lips, and soft palate. They look like single formations of different shapes and sizes. Such tumors in dogs are benign, although their nature is viral.

These are papillomas or warts. In adult animals, they may appear on the body, less often on the stomach. They look like dark plaques that rise above the skin. Most often they occur in males and are called exophytic keratopapillomas. At first they have the appearance of white papules, but gradually pass into new growths, similar to cauliflower.

Keratopapilloma itself is not dangerous, but occasionally they can degenerate into a malignant tumor. The appearance of keratopapilloma itself indicates a weakening of the body.

An increase in the skin of a dog is called tumor. This is a pathological proliferation of tissue that can be benign or malignant.

Benign Tumors grow slowly and do not spread beyond the limits of the type of tissue where they appeared. With him, a dog can live all his life, however, he is capable of growing to enormous size, causing inconvenience.

After removal, usually such a chymor no longer grows. Malignant Tumors grow rapidly and rapidly spread to other tissues and give metastasis. If it is not removed in time, the animal will die. Although, after removal, malignant tumor may re-grow. The most common and most dangerous malignant tumor is carcinoma.

It is found almost exclusively in adults, and especially older dogs. Most often occurs in the breast and throat. To the touch it is firm and has clear boundaries. A sick animal loses its appetite and weight. The fact is that when a growth is formed in the throat or mouth of a dog, it is painful to chew and swallow.

If the dog moves away from a full bowl with suffering on the face, it means that there may be a growth in her throat. The first signs of a malignant outgrowth in the mouth can be an ulcer near the tonsils or a tubercle on the gum, similar to an abscess. The animal is in pain if you touch these places. Usually microscopic examination of tissue is very difficult to determine the nature of the Tumor. But in any case it should be removed as soon as possible.

Growth treatment

Papillomas in dogs have long been treated with various external agents: celandine, ammonia, lapis, iodine, formalin. They also inject novocaine under the papilloma and intravenously.

However, these types of treatment do not give a stable result.

  • It is now increasingly used a combination of conservative and surgical treatment.
  • That is, single papillomas are surgically removed, then disinfect wounds and burn them with weak electrical discharges. This prevents the virus from spreading in the wound.
  • When treating very hard growths, cryotherapy is effective - a method of exposure to ultra-low temperatures. This is the best method for treating growths on the eyeballs.
  • Also excellent results are given by papillomas treatment with liquid nitrogen every two weeks.

The growths in the dog are best treated with immunotherapy. At the moment, the best effect is given by the use of fosprenil with novocaine and with the addition of gamavit and maxidine to the treatment formula. Also, good results are observed after applying Panavir, which does not allow the recurrence of multiple papillomatosis.

Tumor is required to be removed. After that, you need to do a biopsy, and if it was benign, restorative therapy is used, and in case of a malignant tumor, chemotherapy may be needed.



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