Like every person, the dog must have its first aid kit in order to be able to provide it with the first emergency aid before going to the veterinary clinic.
This assistance should not only help save the life of the animal, but also reduce the possibility of complications.
What should be in the dog first aid kit?
Tools and materials:
- big and small syringe,
- enema, bandage,
- cotton wool
- compress paper
- vaseline oil for processing thermometer;
- Zelenka for disinfection and drying of scratches and wounds
There must be medicines designed for emergency help to different organs. The puppy tries to taste the whole world around it and, unfortunately, it is not uncommon for him to taste something dangerous for his health. In order to save the dog from poisoning in time it is necessary to always have in the medicine cabinet
- coal (also used for swelling);
- burnt magnesia (in case of poisoning by agricultural pesticides);
- copper sulphate (externally with red and white phosphorus damage, inside with chlorophos poisoning);
- Unithiol (in case of poisoning with compounds of heavy metals (mercury, arsenic and others).
In case of poisoning and overfeeding, a laxative may be needed. To do this, the dog can use castor oil, Glauber's salt or magnesium sulphate. From the heart means you need to put in the first-aid kit caffeine, which is used for loss of strength, heart weakness and poisoning. Valerian drops give a weakening of the heart and nervous excitement.
The preparation of digitalis (gitalen) is needed for heart failure. Camphor oil lowers body temperature and increases blood pressure. Adrenaline is used in cardiac arrest. For gastrointestinal problems, furazolidone, phthalazole, festal are used. For hepatitis Bactrim, potassium serotat, allohol should be used. Papaverine is necessary for colitis and cramps.
Lactic and acetic acid is used as an anti-fermentation and anti-inflammatory agent. Baking soda is given for poisoning, and gastric juice is treated by puppies for digestive disorders. Antibiotics are needed for a variety of health problems. So penicillin prick with sepsis, mastitis and high temperature. Biovit-40 and chloramphenicol is needed for acute gastrointestinal disorders with diarrhea.
Biovitin used for dyspepsia, and streptomycin for pneumonia. Tetracycline is necessary for infectious gastric diseases Necessary in the first-aid kit and ammonia, which is used for complete cardiac arrest or impaired activity. Of antispasmodics need noshpa, baralgin and analgin. Not bad to get in the first-aid kit means for the treatment of avitaminosis:
- fish fat,
- vitamin D,
- calcium glycerophosphate,
- tetravit and trivitamin
In case of possible allergic reactions to new food, pollen and something else, suprastin is necessary. Herbs will also be useful. So, with a heavy cough, a dog brews St. John's Wort, birch buds and plantain leaves. With the weakening of the heart activity will help the flowers of hawthorn, Adonis herb, valerian root. For intestinal disorders, wormwood, mint, centaury grass and dandelion root are brewed. For an animal with chronic diseases, you will need a personal first-aid kit, which you need to consult with a veterinarian when forming.
Where should the first aid kit for dogs be kept?
In the house in a separate place, where all home will know about her presence. At the same time, it should not be accessible, neither to the animal itself, nor children. Going to rest (even for one day) or to the cottage you need to take a first-aid kit with you. Or you can create two first-aid kits, so that one is kept at home and the other, for example, in a car or at a dacha.
What to do before the arrival of the doctor?
With a noticeable deterioration in the state of health of the animal in anticipation of a doctor, it is necessary to measure body temperature, respiratory rate and pulse. If there is an injury: burn, wound, bleeding, then it is necessary to treat the antiseptic (alcohol, vodka) before treating the hand wound.
When giving the dog pills or capsules, they should be placed at the root of the tongue and, holding the jaw, wait until the animal swallows the medicine. To give a liquid medicine, you can use a syringe without a needle (the drug is injected without tilting the head into the corner of the mouth). When applying emulsions, creams and ointments on the body of the dog, she needs to wear a protective collar.