Cholecystitis in dogs is a disease that affects the bile ducts and is accompanied by inflammatory processes in the gallbladder.
Since this disease is quite rare in animals, it is very difficult to identify it in a timely manner.
Causes of illness
In dogs, cholecystitis occurs for several reasons. The main causative agent of the disease is a microbe. It penetrates into the organism of the animal (precisely into the gallbladder) from the intestine, along the hepatic artery or along the biliary tract. In addition, it can be transferred by lymphogenous way.
Not infrequently, cholecystitis is a complication when an animal is infected with parasites, with infectious diseases (salmonellosis, colibacteriosis) and parasitic diseases (dicroceliosis, fascioliasis, eymeriosis, etc.). Often the disease is the result of malnutrition and malnutrition, especially when there is a lack of vitamin A in the body.
Symptoms of cholecystitis in dogs
The disease is complicated by the fact that it is almost asymptomatic. However, there are signs that can symbolize the problems:
- the dog may drastically decrease its appetite,
- frequent diarrhea, indigestion and vomiting will occur.
- the mucous membranes of the nose and mouth may turn yellow
- the animal looks sluggish, depressed, and when feeling the area of the liver and abdominal cavity, there is a pronounced pain
- may temporarily increase body temperature
- often due to difficulty in the flow of bile, signs of obstructive jaundice appear
An accurate diagnosis can be made only by a qualified veterinarian and only after a detailed examination and receipt of tests. Laboratory blood test shows leukocytosis, it increases the content of bilirubin, which is found in the urine.
Treatment of cholecystitis in dogs
First of all, treatment consists of a complete dietary diet (if you feed an animal with dry rations, then only specialized dietary foods for dogs should be given), although at the time of exacerbation a three-day fast is possible.
At the same time, antiparasitic and antimicrobial drugs are prescribed to suppress a specific pathogen. In order to remove the inflammatory processes, preparations of salicylic and ascorbic acid, calcium are used.
In more severe cases, therapeutic procedures are prescribed. They are aimed at removing inflammation, improving digestion and biliary excretion.
For disinfection of the biliary tract and the best outflow of bile prescribed:
- magnesium sulfate,
- tincture of corn stigmas.
In order to relieve spasm of the gallbladder and bile ducts, prescribe:
- but shpu
- atropine sulfate,
- other antispasmodics
To eliminate pain use:
- besalol and others
At the final stage of treatment, the condition is improved by thermal physiotherapy procedures, the purpose of which is to dissolve the exudate, improve blood circulation and relieve pain.
In order for the dog to never know what cholecystitis is, it is necessary to monitor the usefulness of its nutrition, pay special attention to the content of vitamin A. All food and foods must be fresh. It is also necessary to treat in time all invasive and infectious diseases that can lead to inflammation of the bile ducts and gallbladder.