Conjunctivitis is a fairly frequent inflammation of the connective membrane of the eye in dogs. The insidiousness of it lies in the fact that it is treated extremely difficult and often turns into a chronic form.
In addition, the result of conjunctivitis can be very different and quite dangerous diseases, including loss of vision.
Symptoms of the disease
With catarrhal conjunctivitis the conjunctiva of the eye is red, swollen, sometimes bulging from under the eyelid. The dog has serous discharge from the eyes, a tear is flowing. The catarrhal form often begins acutely, after which it becomes chronic and is very difficult to treat.
With purulent form of the disease first visible liquid, purulent discharge, which eventually become yellowish and thick. Observed swelling and redness of the conjunctiva. The animal is crushed.
When follicular form conjunctival inflammation is noticeable, and follicles can be seen on the inner surface of the third century. These are raspberry-like dark red formations. This type of conjunctivitis often has a chronic course over several years with periods of exacerbation and attenuation.
Causes of Conjunctivitis in Dogs
Conjunctivitis develops for many reasons. Often this is a mechanical or chemical irritation of the conjunctiva:
- getting into the eye of grass
- ingrown eyelashes
- Eye contact with microorganisms
Eyes may be irritated by smoke or caustic gaseous substances. It can also be the spread of the inflammatory process that occurs in the cornea, eyelids, impaired tearing, fungal or viral infections, and allergies to the animal.
In addition, conjunctivitis may simply be a concomitant disease for more serious diseases: plague, hepatitis in dogs, parvovirus infection and others. At risk, breeds of dogs with eyes planted bulging, such as the Pekingese, French Bulldogs.
It is easier for such dogs to injure the eye. Although some breeds often suffer from conjunctivitis of non-infectious origin, for example German Shepherd Dogs.
Treatment of conjunctivitis in dogs
When you observe the very first symptoms - the expiration of a "tear", you should regularly wipe your eyes with a cotton swab dipped in boiled water. It is necessary to exclude physical exertion, so that the wind does not disturb the animal, and dust and debris do not stick to the discharge from the eyes. It is necessary to limit communication with other dogs, because the disease can be infectious.
If the symptoms begin to worsen, the eyes turn red, an urgent need to consult a doctor. Only he can prescribe treatment. As a rule, anti-inflammatory and antibiotic ointments or eye drops, as well as general anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed.
These are drops of 10-20-30% sulfacyl-sodium, 01% kanamycin, 25% levomycetin, sofradex 4-5 times a day.
From ointments use:
- sodium sulfacyl (30%),
- ethazol (30-50%).
If a large swelling is noticed, a mixture of 0.1-0.2 ml of hydrocortisone and a 0.5-1% solution of novocaine or 0.5-1 mg dexazone is injected under the conjunctiva.
A new word in the treatment of conjunctivitis is HLP - ocular medicinal films proposed by E.P. Copenquin. They contain kanamycin, neomycin, sulfapyridazin sodium. They are inserted into the conjunctival sac with anatomical forceps once a day.
Moistened with a tear, the films swell and adhere to the conjunctiva, and then evenly enveloping it, dissolve. Due to this, a high therapeutic effect is achieved. Often, the treatment tactics has to be changed several times in order to achieve improvement. Antibiotic ointments or eye drops are used for at least 5 days.
At the same time, the eyes of the dog should be constantly washed with boiled water or broth of celandine. Also, the conjunctiva is washed with a 0.25% solution of novocaine, 3% solution of boric acid. To prevent the dog from scratching and injuring his eyes, it is better to wear a so-called "Elizabethan collar". It is better if an assistant is present when instilling drops in the eyes of the dog, who will hold his head.