Vaginitis in dogs is called inflammation of the vagina in a bitch, which is caused by various fungi or bacteria.
- In dogs, vaginitis is expressed as the appearance of various secretions from the vulva. They can be mucous greenish or white, around the genitals the wool can stick together and the dog constantly licks the vulva.
- Sometimes she may have itching.
- The dog can lift its tail, behave restlessly, bend its back strongly.
- In advanced cases, discharge is purulent, blood may appear, and frequent urination. Sometimes a bitch shows lethargy and general malaise, and body temperature can rise.
Causes of Vaginitis in Dogs
This is a fairly common disease that can occur in both a puppy and an aging dog, since it has quite a few causes. Vaginitis occurs due to increased activity of microflora inside the dog's vagina.
The activity of microflora, in turn, is associated with reduced immunity, which is often due to past diseases or childbirth. Sometimes the disease develops in young dogs during puberty as a result of hormonal changes or in adult dogs with an increase in the level of female hormones.
The most common cause of the disease is the ingress of microorganisms into the vagina from the outside, for example, during the act of covering. Not uncommon and postpartum vaginitis associated with the use in the birth canal of irritants, injuries, making hands or tools of infection.
Treatment of vaginitis in dogs
In order to begin treatment, it is necessary to establish the cause of the disease. To do this, the analysis of vaginal smear and laboratory tests of blood. It is very important to contact a veterinarian in time so as not to miss possible other diseases of the uterus in a dog, for example, purulent aseptic endometritis.
After conducting the necessary tests, establishing an accurate diagnosis and causes of vaginitis, a course of treatment is prescribed. If the form of vaginitis is mild, the treatment consists in washing the dog's vagina with herbal decoctions and gentle disinfectants.
Most often it is a weak solution of potassium permanganate, furatsilina or 3-5% ichthyol. Solutions and decoctions into the vagina is injected with a rubber bulb or catheter. Anti-inflammatory ointment "Phytoelite" is also used.
For heavy bleeding or purulent discharge, drug therapy is prescribed. It combines disinfectant solutions, immunostimulants, antibiotics in the form of ointment. Antimicrobial emulsions such as 5% suspension of furazolidone, liniment synthomycin and others are injected into the vaginal cavity.
If the dog's body temperature rises, the dog is prescribed intramuscular antibiotics from the penicillin group, non-glycosides, cephalosporins, chloramphenicol and others. If the cause of the disease has become a hormonal disorder, then a course of hormonal therapy is needed, which will correct hormonal background.
Vaginitis can be prevented if the elementary rules of hygiene are observed first of all and the protective functions of the dog organism are constantly increased. That is, to provide your pet with good nutrition and vitamins, in time to vaccinate against all dangerous diseases.