How to treat atopy in dogs?

Atopy is the hereditary predisposition of a dog to allergic reactions to certain environmental factors.

Symptoms of atopy in dogs

  • An irritation appears on the animal's skin, which begins to disturb the dog,
  • She begins to lick and scratch the skin, which leads to the formation of wounds and the ingress of secondary infection.

The most susceptible to the appearance of allergic reactions places on the body of the dog are the ears, muzzle, lower abdomen and paws.

The reasons

The hereditary predisposition of a dog to the production of specific antibodies - immunoglobulins E (IgE), which react to environmental allergens. The most common irritant is house dust mite and its excrement. These mites live and breed in damp, warm rooms.

Therefore, when service dogs, such as labradors or golden retrievers, instead of more often being in the fresh air and taking long walks, are locked in warm apartments with short walks for 10-15 minutes, the problem of atopy becomes extremely urgent.

Symptoms can be both throughout the year, and in certain seasons - it depends on the breed of dog. Breeds of dogs such as terriers, English setters, boxers, labradors and golden retrievers are considered to be most atopic.

Treatment of atopy in dogs

If you notice signs of atopy in your pet, then if there is an opportunity to move the dog from a heated, poorly ventilated apartment, to the yard or to the kennel, it is better.

The coat protects the skin of the dog against ticks, and it becomes thicker in a cool climate. The treatment of the animal will include control of parasites, the use of antihistamines and a hypoallergenic diet.

It is also recommended to add fatty acids (gammalinic acid) to dogs and to use corticosteroids, but the latter should be treated very carefully!

Antibiotic treatment may be prescribed by a veterinarian for secondary infections. There is also an allergy treatment with desensitizing vaccines, but such treatment will take a long time.

Sometimes it takes years to develop a normal immune response, but even a year of such treatment can give good results.

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