Peritonitis in dogs is an inflammation of the peritoneum that lines the abdominal cavity and surrounds the internal organs. Most often, this inflammation is transmitted from the inflamed internal organs.
The disease can be acute or chronic, fibrinous, serous, hemorrhagic, putrid and purulent.
Causes of peritonitis in dogs
Disease occurs as a result of infection of the abdominal cavity from the organs of the pelvic and abdominal cavities (metritis, gastroenteritis, nephritis in dogs), as well as perforation of the intestinal wall and stomach, penetrating injuries, surgical interventions, disintegration of the neoplasm.
In the irritated peritoneum, the vascular permeability increases, exudate effusion into the abdominal cavity, edema occurs. Fibrinous films form on the peritoneum, and between the organs of adhesions. Toxins are absorbed into the blood and cause a general reaction of the body: tachycardia, fever. Intestinal motility is slowed down.
Symptoms of the disease
Signs of peritonitis depend on the severity of the disease, its phase and the degree of damage to the body. In acute course is observed:
- high constant temperature
- rejection of feed.
- the animal is losing weight
- tightens the abdomen showing signs of pain in the abdominal wall.
The dog tends to lie down on a cold surface, often breathing shallowly and superficially, its pressure decreases. Often the dog cannot lie down at all; it stands and whines in pain. As the disease progresses, it becomes indifferent. Body temperature falls below normal. These symptoms indicate impending death.
Acute peritonitis can last from several hours to two weeks and often ends in death. In the chronic course of the disease adhesions are formed (adhesion of parenteral and visceral peritoneal sheets). Symptoms are similar to acute current, but not so pronounced. The volume of the abdomen as a result of fluid accumulation increases significantly. Peritonitis is often complicated by pleurisy and pneumonia.
Treatment of peritonitis in dogs
This is a very dangerous disease, so with similar signs it is necessary to urgently take the animal to the veterinary clinic. Treatment methods are selected depending on the cause, which caused the inflammation of the peritoneum. First of all, the dog is given a starvation diet, and the contents are sucked from the abdominal cavity. All abdominal defects should be surgically treated.
With an open wound of the peritoneum as a result of bites, endometritis or rupture of a uterine abscess, only immediate surgery can save the dog's life. When perforation of the intestine or stomach make a laparotomy. Be sure to apply:
- Novocainic nerve blockade
Fortifying agents and improving the work of the heart are also used.
When recovering, physiotherapy is shown (infraruzh, sollux, Minin's lamp), the owner can do compresses on the stomach. As a prevention of peritonitis, it is necessary to treat all gastrointestinal diseases of the dog in time.