The pulse is evidence of the rhythm, frequency and strength of the heartbeat. It comes from a contraction of the heart muscle, felt in the form of pulsating jolts, which are transmitted through large arterial blood vessels.
Pulse rate in dogs and puppies
It depends on the age and size of the animal. So for an adult dog pulse rate is 70-120 beats per minute. A puppy can have a pulse much faster. So, in a sleeping baby, the heart beats with a frequency of 110-120 beats per minute, and in a playing one up to 220 beats.
In aging animals, the pulse is somewhat slower than in young ones. As for the size of dogs, then for small decorative breeds, a puppy pulse of 100-120 or even 130 beats per minute is normal. In large dogs, for example, dogs, Caucasian Shepherd Dogs, St. Bernards, the pulse is slower. The normal frequency is 70-100 beats per minute.
The deviation of the pulse of the dog from the norm
A change in the normal rhythm of the pulse indicates a variety of conditions and diseases. Thus, an increase in the pulse of an animal may say:
- about high physical exertion
- severe pain
- fear and even about the process of digesting food
If the dog has an increased pulse independently and quickly returns to normal, then this is a normal reaction of the body.
If the pulse rate is exceeded for a long time, this may indicate such painful conditions as:
- increased body temperature
- inflammatory processes
- infectious diseases
- heart valve disorders
Any of these conditions requires immediate treatment by a veterinarian.
A decrease in the pulse indicates that the animal could be supercooled, poisoned, possibly depleted, or simply recovering from infectious diseases. If the pulse is not felt, then the dog is unconscious.
How to measure the pulse of a dog
In a dog, the pulse must be measured on the femoral artery, where it is most easily sensed. This artery runs along the inner surface of the hind paw. It is best to grope her in the place where she comes out of the groin. Having found an artery, it is necessary to find a place with two or three fingers where the pulse is beating most clearly.
After that you need to start an account. In this case, it is not necessary to take a full minute. It is much more convenient to calculate the number of beats in 15 seconds and then multiply by four. By the way, putting your fingers to the dog's paw, it is better not to use your thumb, otherwise you can not hear her pulse, but your own.
If access to the hip is somehow missing, the dog's heartbeat can be heard by placing its hands on the chest at the level of the elbow joints.