How to put a dropper to a dog and in what cases can it be done independently at home?

It may happen that the dog urgently needs intravenous droppers or infusions. The owner should learn to put them on their own in order to help their pet in time.

When do I need to put a drip on a dog?

Cases when you may need a lot of dropper. It:

  1. acute poisoning
  2. prolonged diarrhea or vomiting,
  3. recovery process after surgery
  4. renal failure in a dog, in which it is necessary to urgently stop the loss of water by the body, and in many other both simple and serious cases.

System for drip or dropper

On the one hand it is connected to a catheter in a vein, and on the other it is inserted into a bottle with a solution. At one end there is a wide plastic needle (with a duct) 1, filter for delaying dust and air bubbles, 2 - actually dropper. At the other end of the tube there is a knot of soft orange rubber 5, ending in a cannula 4 and a needle inserted into a vein. The needles are in special caps. There is a fixture on the tube 3 (clamp-regulator) to adjust the rate of injection of the solution.

The sequence of setting dropper dog, how to do it correctly

Get in a pharmacy:

  • sterile wipes, cotton,
  • sterile saline (0.9% aqueous solution of sodium chloride (NaCl)
  • alcohol-containing solution (at least 70%)
  • medical gloves
  1. Wash your hands with soap. Ideal - wear sterile medical gloves.
  2. Remove the protective aluminum cap from the bottle with the solution, but not completely, but the central part. The system will be inserted into this elastic (under the aluminum cap).
  3. Wipe the rubber stopper with a cotton swab moistened with alcohol-containing liquid.
  4. Remove the cap from the plastic tip (1) and pierce the rubber stopper of the bottle with a plastic tip.
  5. It is necessary to completely shut off the speed regulator (3), lowering the wheel down to the stop.
  6. The bottle with the system is hung down by the neck on the handle of the cabinet or on the coat hook (above the level of a dog lying at least 1 m).
  7. Now you need to squeeze the reservoir of the device with two fingers (2) to remove air and let it go so that it is half filled with liquid.
  8. On the air removal device (2), you need to open the air duct - a small lid is often made of colored plastic.
  9. Fully open the speed controller (3).
  10. Liquid will enter the reservoir from the vial, and air will be removed through the open air duct.
  11. As soon as the liquid fills the entire system and begins to flow through the needle (4), the speed regulator must be completely blocked off with the wheel.

The system is full and ready to use. Now you need to prepare a dog.

An inexperienced person is unlikely to independently find a vein in a dog and will be able to pierce it correctly. Therefore, if the dog needs a series of intravenous fluids, the installation of an intravenous catheter by a veterinarian will be a great help for the owner of the animal. Once it is installed, do not have to poke a needle in a vein every time.

In such a situation, the animal is much calmer transfers intravenous fluids. They can also be carried out freely at home without calling the vet.

Preparing the dog for setting peripheral catheter

  • Spread a clean diaper or sheet (ideal if you iron or steam it with an iron)
  • Lay down and calm the pet,
  • Shave the wool where you are going to put the drip,
  • Better if it will paw. In any case, the place will be determined by a veterinarian,
  • The dog's paw must be straightened so that the vein is not clamped. You can fix it (paw) with the help of langetti - dostochki, pinned to the paw,
  • The puncture site is disinfected and the vet installs a catheter.

The doctor will attach the drip to the catheter for the first time, but in the future your actions will look like this:

  1. Remove the needle (4) from the dropper system and place it in a sterile napkin.
  2. Left hand, holding the catheter on the paw of the animal, it is necessary to unscrew the white cap. If there is blood in the catheter, then the catheter is functioning.
  3. Continuing to hold the catheter, the plastic end of the dropper (4) without a needle is inserted into the place where the white cap was unscrewed.
  4. To prevent the cap from being lost and not being sterilized, it must be screwed to the coupling removed from the dropper needle. Put the needle in a sterile cloth.
  5. Now you need to open the regulator of the rate of injection of the solution and adjust the speed so that no more than one drop drops per second.
  6. After the end of the transfusion, stop the dropper by twisting the wheel all the way.
  7. If there is a need to additionally introduce another medicine, then use another syringe with a needle to puncture the additional injection unit (5) and inject the medicine.
  8. To keep the catheter working, it must be flushed with saline (5-10 ml slowly through the node (5))
  9. From a sterile napkin take a lid.
  10. After removing the cannula from the catheter, tighten the cap.
  11. Secure the catheter with a sterile bandage on the leg until the next time.

When you make a dog drip, you must remember

  • Solutions for dropper should be warm or at room temperature.
  • If the dog's body temperature is lowered, then part of the plastic tube through which the solutions go can be dipped into a container with water that is heated to 70-80 degrees. Then, passing through the system, the solution will heat up a little and will increase the temperature of the dog’s body.
  • The rate of administration of the solution should be minimal - one drop in 1-2 seconds. If the solution is injected faster, it can cause deterioration in the animal's condition: vomiting, trembling, a sharp increase in blood pressure.
  • Also, air must not be allowed to enter the vein in order not to cause a gas embolus.

When setting the dropper, the animal should not be left unattended so that it does not run away. Next to the animal there must be a calm benevolent owner, who will calm the patient, give him his confidence.

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