Ligaments are called fibrous strands that connect the contiguous parts of the joints. Their structure is elastic and, therefore, sprain in dogs or rupture is the most common injury.
Stretching is the breaking of the bundle fibers. Its severity is determined by how many fibers are damaged. If not many fibers are broken, stretching is considered insignificant, because the function of the joint is not disturbed, there is practically no swelling and bleeding.
In fact, there is only pain. With severe stretching, an extensive fiber break is accompanied by swelling, bleeding, limited joint mobility and severe pain.
Types of torn ligaments in dogs: symptoms, diagnosis, causes
For the life of the dog, the spinal cord ligaments are the most important. They occur in the event of a serious injury with fractures and dislocations of the vertebrae and can lead to impaired urination, paralysis, paresis.
It is possible to diagnose this injury on the basis of x-rays, neurological examination, etc., and treatment can be mainly in the form of surgery. In some breeds of dogs (Chihuahua, Toy Terriers, Yorkies), anomalous development of the first and second cervical vertebra leads to spontaneous rupture of the ligaments. In this case, the dog wears a corset and corticosteroids are prescribed.
Surgical intervention is indicated only in the absence of the effect of conservative treatment. In dogs, the most common disease of the knee joint is the rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), which leads to the development of osteoarthritis.
This ligament may break as a result of injury or regular injury, degenerative changes, inflammatory diseases of the joint. The disease manifests itself in that the dog begins to limp. More often the dog keeps its paw on weight, slightly bending the knee joint.
Small animals (up to 15 kg) are treated without surgery, and medium and large ones are recommended to be operated on immediately. Breaks and sprains of other ligaments (carpal, shoulder, elbow, hip, hock, etc.) are most often associated with dislocations of the joints as a result of injuries. In case of rupture of these ligaments, the joint is simply fixed for 3-4 weeks.
First Aid and Treatment for Sprains and Sprains
If the dog suddenly becomes limp, especially after jumping or falling, you need to put something cold on the damaged place for 20 minutes, and then apply a tight bandage or an elastic bandage. With such injuries, it is impossible to use painkillers for dogs, because, without feeling pain, the animal will begin to run, and this injures the damaged joint even more.
Having provided first aid, despite the dog's well-being, you need to contact the veterinarian as soon as possible for an accurate diagnosis and decision on further treatment. With early treatment in these diseases, full recovery occurs in 90 percent of cases. But the more time passes, the less predictable the result.