Cases where the dog may need a painkiller can be quite a lot. These are injuries, diseases of bones and joints, internal organs, pathologies, chronic diseases.
In each case, you may need a special medicine that is best purchased only by order of a veterinarian. However, in the first-aid kit for dogs there must be a certain set of emergency funds.
Types of painkillers for dogs
There are several types of painkillers, each of which is designed for specific purposes. Nutraceuticals are made from various sources of vegetable and animal fats. They include amino acids, fatty acids, herbs, vitamins, minerals and antioxidants.
These substances are used to treat joint pain and are considered the safest. They rarely cause side effects. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAIDs are very effective in relieving pain. These include:
However, these drugs, if used improperly, become potentially dangerous and have side effects:
- lethargy and lack of appetite.
Steroids are also often prescribed to reduce pain and as anti-inflammatory. They effectively relieve pain, but because of possible side effects they cannot be used for a long period. Also, these medicines can not be used alone. When using steroids or corticosteroids, you cannot do without clear instructions from a veterinarian. Drugs or opioids are prescribed only in very severe cases: in case of cancer or severe arthritis in a dog. These drugs act very strongly and at the same time cause constant drowsiness, numbness, stupor.
There are not many specialized painkillers for dogs and therefore they are often given human medicine. However, you need to be well aware of the dose, because drugs for people on dogs are stronger and can cause stronger side effects:
- disorders of the central nervous system,
- ulcers of the stomach and intestines.
What kind of painkillers can be given to an adult dog and puppy?
It should be remembered that many medicines for a person should not be given to a puppy, because they are designed for much more weight. Veterinary drug is travmatin, so it is suitable for puppies. It is administered subcutaneously or intramuscularly in a dose of 2–4 ml for large and medium dogs and from 0.5 mg to 2 mg for puppies and dogs of small breeds.
From human preparations the dog can be given pentalgin. But its dose is half a pill for 20-30 kg of animal weight. It is better to dissolve the pill in a small amount of water and pour the dog into the mouth with a syringe without a needle. You can prick the animal baralgin at the rate of - 3 cubes per 40 kg body weight of the animal.
Rimanila tablets can be used at the rate of 5 kg of a dog’s weight one tablet. A very powerful tool is ketanov. Its effect is comparable to morphine. Usually it is injected intramuscularly at the rate of one ampoule per 40-50 kg. But it should be used only in emergency cases, because it can greatly harm the stomach of the animal.
For local anesthesia dogs usually use Ledocaine Spray. If the situation is urgent, and there is nothing specialized at hand, the dog can be given the usual analgin from the calculation - one tablet per 20 kg. Dogs are strictly prohibited from painkillers such as:
- diclofenac (ortofen, voltaren, diclonat),
- ketrolac (ketrodol, ketorol)
- indomethacin (metindol).
Their use can even lead to the death of the animal.