Colitis in dogs is called inflammation of the colon. The disease can begin acutely or be chronic.
If you do not start treatment on time, the dog becomes weaker and loses weight.
Causes of Colitis in Dogs
The causes of this inflammation can be many. One of the most frequent is the presence of parasites in the digestive system, mainly nematodes, worms in dogs and Giardia. Acute colitis can develop in dogs that eat a lot of grass. It irritates the intestines and contains non-digestible fibers.
Also, the disease can cause ingestion of an inedible object that may be stuck in the intestine. In inflammatory bowel disease, protective cells of the body can irritate the intestinal wall. The cause of these inflammations may be food allergens.
Irritable bowel syndrome is not rarely associated with stress. When antibiotics are taken, a temporary attack of colitis often occurs, since beneficial bacteria die in the intestine along with infectious agents. Among the less common causes of colitis are diseases such as hemorrhagic gastroenteritis, pancreatitis in a dog, colon cancer, and overheating of the body.
Symptoms of colitis in dogs
The brightest and most frequent symptom of acute colitis in a dog is diarrhea, and blood and mucus can often be seen in the stool. During defecation the dog is very tense, but at the exit of the chair is not enough. Also signs of colitis are indicated by signs such as:
- stomach ache,
- Obaka urinates more often than usual
- the animal refuses traditional food and chews grass outside. After that, vomiting often occurs.
Chronic colitis leads to weight loss. It has been observed that the chronic form of colitis most often occurs in boxer breed dogs. Ulcerative colitis in dogs manifests itself with pain and bleeding during bowel movements.
Treatment of the disease
The treatment of colitis depends on its shape. So, in acute colitis, first of all, fasting is prescribed for up to two days, and in fact until the termination of diarrhea in the dog. After that, the dog is transferred to a diet with a high content of fiber and a minimum content of animal fats (meat and butter).
It is best to feed the chicken meat. Low-quality, cheap dry food with artificial flavors and other chemicals that could cause disease is also excluded.
Injected into the body of the animal solutions with the addition of potassium chloride, give loperamide to improve the mobility of the colon. Tylosin or metronidazole is prescribed to inhibit the growth of clostridia. In chronic colitis, the veterinarian issues:
- sulfasalazine tablets,
It is more difficult to treat ulcerative colitis, which does not respond to conventional anti-inflammatory drugs. Immediate improvement of the condition can give a rare antibiotic enrofloxacin.